His power is limitless, his anger at wrong-doing unassuageable, and he is omniscient.
The essential feature of the piaculum is that it is an expiation for wrong-doing, and the victim is often human.
When the source of the name was forgotten its meaning was not unnaturally misinterpreted, and gained for Gawain the reputation of a facile morality, which was exaggerated by the pious compilers of the later Grail romances into persistent and aggravated wrong-doing; at the same time it is to be noted that Gawain is never like Tristan and Lancelot, the hero of an illicit connexion maintained under circumstances of falsehood and treachery.
19), but the belief in its existence and in the punishment of wrong-doing was salutary (ii.
General Arthur refused to resign on the ground that to retire "under fire" would be to acknowledge wrong-doing, and claimed that as the abuses were inherent in a widespread system he should not be made to bear the responsibility alone.