- A mixture of malt or other ingredients with water, heated to convert starches into fermentable sugars for use in brewing or distilling.
- A mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl.
- A soft pulpy mixture or mass.
- Chiefly British Mashed potatoes.
- A crushing or grinding.
- Slang An infatuation or act of flirtation.
transitive verbmashed, mash·ing, mash·es
Phrasal Verbs: mash up
- To convert (malt or grain) into mash.
- To convert into a soft pulpy mass by pounding or crushing: mash potatoes. See Synonyms at crush.
- Chiefly Southern & South Midland US To apply pressure to; press.
- Slang To flirt with or make sexual advances to.
To combine (two or more audio or video recordings) to produce a composite recording.
Origin of mash
Middle English mash-
( as in mashfat mash tub
Old English māsc, *mǣsc, māx-
( in māxwyrt wort
); see meik-
in Indo-European roots. V., sense 4, perhaps from
Romani mash to entice
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- (obsolete) A mesh
(countable and uncountable, plural mashes)
- (uncountable) A mass of mixed ingredients reduced to a soft pulpy state by beating or pressure; a mass of anything in a soft pulpy state.
- In brewing, ground or bruised malt, or meal of rye, wheat, corn, or other grain (a mixture of malt and meal) steeped and stirred in hot water for making the wort.
- Mashed potatoes.
- A mixture of meal or bran and water fed to animals.
(third-person singular simple present mashes, present participle mashing, simple past and past participle mashed)
- To convert into a mash; to reduce to a soft pulpy state by beating or pressure; to bruise; to crush; as, to mash apples in a mill, or potatoes with a pestle. Specifically (Brewing), to convert, as malt, or malt and meal, into the mash which makes wort.
- To press down hard (on).
- to mash on a bicycle pedal
- (southern US, informal) to press.
- (UK) To prepare a cup of tea (in a teapot), alternative to brew; used mainly in Northern England
From Middle English mash, mash-, from Old English mÇ£sc-, mÄsc-, mÄx-, from Proto-Germanic *maiskaz, *maiskÅ (“mixture, mash"), from Proto-Indo-European *meiÇµ-, *meiá¸±- (“to mix"). Akin to German Meisch, Maische (“mash"), (compare meischen, maischen (“to mash, wash")), Swedish mÃ¤sk (“mash"), and to Old English miscian (“to mix"). See mix.
(third-person singular simple present mashs, present participle mashing, simple past and past participle mashed)
- to flirt, to make eyes, to make romantic advances
- (obsolete) an infatuation, a crush, a fancy
- (obsolete) a dandy, a masher
- (obsolete) the object of one's affections (either sex)
Either by analogy with mash (“to press, to soften"), or more likely from Romani masha (“a fascinator, an enticer"), mashdva (“fascination, enticement"). Originally used in theater, and recorded in US in 1870s. Either originally used as mash, or a backformation from masher, from masha. Leland writes of the etymology:
- It was introduced by the well-known gypsy family of actors, C., among whom Romany was habitually spoken. The word “masher" or “mash" means in that tongue to allure, delude, or entice. It was doubtless much aided in its popularity by its quasi-identity with the English word. But there can be no doubt as to the gypsy origin of “mash" as used on the stage. I am indebted for this information to the late well-known impresario [Albert Marshall] Palmer of New York, and I made a note of it years before the term had become at all popular.
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