(third-person singular simple present rices, present participle ricing, simple past and past participle riced)
- To squeeze through a ricer; to mash or make into rice-sized pieces.
- To throw rice at a person (usually at a wedding).
- To belittle a government emissary or similar on behalf of a more powerful militaristic state.
- To harvest wild rice Zinzania sp.
Middle English rys, from Old French ris, from Old Italian riso, risi, from Byzantine Greek á½„ÏÏ…Î¶Î± (Ã³ryza), á½„ÏÏ…Î¶Î¿Î½ (Ã³ryzon). This is usually held to be a borrowing from Old Iranian (cf. Old Persian brizi, Pashto wriÅ¾Ä“, Kurdish birinc), in turn probably borrowed from Sanskrit à¤µà¥à¤°à¥€à¤¹à¤¿ (vrÄ«hÃ). The Sanskrit term is either a loan from Dravidian - compare Proto-Dravidian *wariÃ±ci (“rice") - or, according to Witzel, borrowed from an unknown South Asian, possibly Austroasiatic, source, with the Dravidian word being an independent borrowing of another variant. Old Tamil à®…à®°à®¿à®šà®¿ (arici), from earlier *ariki, is not the source of the Greek word, however, according to Krishnamurti (2003) apud Witzel (2009). In contrast, Witzel (1999) had maintained, following Southworth (1979), that the Greek term goes back to Old Tamil arici - itself from an older form *ariki, an early (ca. 1500 BC) borrowing from Munda according to Southworth (1988).