An English and Scottish status surname for someone who was in charge of the horses of a royal household, or an occupational surname for someone who looked after horses, or was responsible for the custody of prisoners.
Other Word Forms of Marshal
Origin of Marshal
Anglo-Norman marescal, marschal, Old French marescal, mareschal (“farrier; military commander"), from Late Latin mariscalcus (“groom, army commander, court dignitary"), either from Frankish *marhskalk, or from Old High German marah-scalc (“horse-servant"), from Proto-Germanic *marhaz + *skalkaz (whence Old Saxon maraskalk, marahscalc). Compare English mare + shalk.
Middle English from Old French mareschal of Germanic origin marko- in Indo-European roots
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
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