He converted his third master, a renegade Italian, and escaped with him to Aigues-Mortes near Marseilles in June 1607.
Among the works of benevolence with which his name is associated are the establishment of a hospital for galley slaves at Marseilles.
He first landed at Marseilles, where he received an enthusiastic welcome from the people, but the prince-president refused to allow him to cross France.
CARMAGNOLE (from Carmagnola, the town in Italy), a word first applied to a Piedmontese peasant costume, well known in the south of France, and brought to Paris by the revolutionaries of Marseilles in 1798.
In July 1871 he was returned to the National Assembly for Marseilles at a by-election, and voted steadily with the Republican party.