Jump meaning

jŭmp
(computers) To move from one set of instructions in a program to another out of sequence.
verb
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2
Jump is defined as to bounce or spring from the ground or from one surface to another.

An example of jump is hopping over a log.

An example of jump is skydiving.

An example of jump is a mountain biker pulling their bike up to avoid a large rock.

verb
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1
To leave (a course), especially through mishap.

The train jumped the rails.

verb
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2
To leap onto.

Jump a bus.

verb
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1
To cause to increase suddenly.

Shortages that jumped milk prices by several cents.

verb
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To make a sudden verbal attack; lash out.

Jumped at me for being late.

verb
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To change discontinuously or after a short period.

Jumps from one subject to another; jumped from one job to another.

verb
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To leap over or across.

Jump a fence.

verb
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(slang) To spring upon in sudden attack; assault or ambush.

Muggers jumped him in the park.

verb
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To cause to leap.

Jump a horse over a fence.

verb
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(vulgar slang) To have sexual intercourse with.
verb
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A descent from an aircraft by parachute.
noun
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(sports) Any of several track-and-field events in which contestants jump.
noun
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A step or level.

Managed to stay a jump ahead.

noun
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A sudden or major transition, as from one career or subject to another.
noun
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To pass over; skip.

The typewriter jumped a space.

verb
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To raise in rank or position; promote.
verb
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To jump-start (a motor vehicle).
verb
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To seize or occupy illegally.

Jump a mining claim.

verb
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(games) A move in a board game over an opponent's piece.
noun
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(computers) A movement from one set of instructions to another.
noun
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A jump-start of a motor vehicle.
noun
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(vulgar slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
noun
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To move oneself suddenly from the ground, etc. by using the leg muscles; leap; spring.
verb
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To be moved with a jerk; bob; bounce.
verb
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To parachute from an aircraft.
verb
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To move, act, or react energetically or eagerly.
verb
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To move suddenly and involuntarily, as from fright, surprise, etc.
verb
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To pass suddenly from one thing or topic to another.
verb
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To rise suddenly.

Prices have jumped.

verb
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To break in continuity of action, as a film image, because of faulty alignment of the film.
verb
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(slang) To be lively and animated.

The party was jumping.

verb
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(bridge) To make a jump bid.
verb
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(checkers) To move a piece over an opponent's piece, thus capturing it.
verb
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To continue at an instruction in another part of the program by means of a jump.
verb
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To cause to leap.

To jump a horse over a fence.

verb
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To advance (a person) to a higher rank or position, esp. by bypassing intervening ranks.
verb
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To leap upon; spring aboard.
verb
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To cause (prices, etc.) to rise suddenly.
verb
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To bypass (an electrical component, esp. a weak battery on a vehicle)
verb
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(informal) To attack suddenly as from hiding.
verb
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(informal) To react to prematurely, in anticipation.

To jump a traffic light.

verb
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(slang) To leave suddenly or without permission.

To jump town, jump ship.

verb
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(bridge) To raise (the bid) by making a jump bid.
verb
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(checkers) To capture (an opponent's piece) by jumping.
verb
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(journalism) To continue (a story) on another page.
verb
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A jumping; leap; bound; spring.
noun
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A distance jumped.
noun
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A descent from an aircraft by parachute.
noun
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A thing to be jumped over or from, as on a ski jump.
noun
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A sudden transition.
noun
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A sudden rise, as in prices.
noun
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A sudden, nervous start or jerk; twitch.
noun
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noun
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(slang) Chorea; also, delirium tremens.
noun
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(athletics) A contest in jumping.

The high jump, the long jump.

noun
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noun
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(checkers) A move by which an opponent's piece is jumped and captured.
noun
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(comput.) A program instruction that causes an instruction in another part of the program to be the next executed.
noun
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(journalism) A line telling on, or from, what page a story is continued.
noun
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Designating or of a style of jazz music characterized by recurrent short riffs and a strong, fast beat.
adjective
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Of or for parachuting or paratroops.
adjective
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(1) In a low-level programming language, a statement that directs the computer to go to some other part of the program. See branch and jumpword.
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(intransitive) To propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.

The boy jumped over a fence.

Kangaroos are known for their ability to jump high.

verb
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(intransitive) To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.

She is going to jump from the diving board.

verb
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To pass by a spring or leap; to overleap.

To jump a stream.

verb
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(intransitive) To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
verb
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(intransitive) To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.

The sudden sharp sound made me jump.

verb
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(intransitive) To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.

The player's knight jumped the opponent's bishop.

verb
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To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.

I hate it when people jump the queue.

verb
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To attack suddenly and violently.

The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.

verb
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To engage in sexual intercourse.

The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.

verb
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To cause to jump.

The rider jumped the horse over the fence.

verb
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To move the distance between two opposing subjects.
verb
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To increase the height of a tower crane by inserting a section at the base of the tower and jacking up everything above it.
verb
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(cycling, intransitive) To increase speed aggressively and without warning.
verb
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(smithwork) To join by a buttweld.
verb
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To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset.
verb
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(quarrying) To bore with a jumper.
verb
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The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
noun
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An effort; an attempt; a venture.
noun
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(mining) A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
noun
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(architecture) An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
noun
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An instance of propelling oneself upwards.

The boy took a skip and a jump down the lane.

noun
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An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.

There were a couple of jumps from the bridge.

noun
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An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.

She was terrified before the jump, but was thrilled to be skydiving.

noun
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An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
noun
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A jumping move in a board game.

The knight's jump in chess.

noun
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A button (of a joypad, joystick or similar device) used to make a video game character jump (propel itself upwards).

Press jump to start.

noun
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(sports, horses) An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.

Heartless managed the scale the first jump but fell over the second.

noun
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(with on) An early start or an advantage.

He got a jump on the day because he had laid out everything the night before.

Their research department gave them the jump on the competition.

noun
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(mathematics) A discontinuity in the graph of a function, where the function is continuous in a punctured interval of the discontinuity.
noun
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(science fiction) An instance of faster-than-light travel, not observable from ordinary space.
noun
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(obsolete) Exactly; precisely.
adverb
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(obsolete) Exact; matched; fitting; precise.
adjective
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A kind of loose jacket for men.
noun
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(in the plural) A bodice worn instead of stays by women in the 18th century.
noun
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To form an opinion or judgment hastily.

Jump to conclusions.

verb
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(slang) To be lively; bustle.

A disco that really jumps.

verb
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To move or start prematurely before.

Jumped the starting signal.

verb
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jump bail
  • To fail to appear in court after having been released on bail.
idiom
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(vulgar slang) jump (someone's) bones
  • To have sexual intercourse with someone.
idiom
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jump the gun
  • To start doing something too soon.
idiom
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jump the shark
  • To undergo a sustained decline in quality or popularity.
idiom
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jump through hoops
  • To make extraordinary efforts, especially in following a prescribed procedure.
idiom
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get (or have) the jump on
  • to get (or have) an earlier start than and thus have an advantage over
idiom
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jump a claim
  • to seize mining rights or land claimed by someone else
idiom
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jump at
  • to accept hastily and eagerly
idiom
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jump bail
  • to forfeit one's bail by fleeing
idiom
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jump in with both feet
  • to enter into an activity or venture wholeheartedly
idiom
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jump off
  • to start an attack
idiom
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jump on
  • to scold; censure severely
idiom
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jump rope
  • to exercise or play a game with a jump-rope
idiom
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jump the track
  • to go suddenly off the rails
idiom
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jump to conclusions
  • to make a hasty judgment
idiom
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Origin of jump

  • Early Modern English perhaps imitative of the sound of feet hitting with the ground after jumping Idiom, jump the shark after a 1977 episode of the television series Happy Days in which the character Arthur “the Fonz” Fonzarelli makes a show of bravery by jumping over a shark while on water skis (considered as an improbable and absurd plot incident marking the moment at which the series began to decline)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English jumpen (“to walk quickly, run, jump”), probably of Middle Low German or North Germanic origin, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *gempaną, *gembaną (“to hop, skip, jump”), from Proto-Indo-European *gwʰemb- (“to spring, hop, jump”). Cognate with Old Dutch gumpen (“to jump”), Low German jumpen (“to jump”), Middle High German gumpen, gampen (“to jump, hop”) (dialectal German gampen), Danish gumpe (“to jolt”), Swedish gumpa (“to jump”), Danish gimpe (“to move up and down”), Middle English jumpren, jumbren (“to mix, jumble”). Related to jumble.

    From Wiktionary

  • Compare French jupe (“a long petticoat, a skirt”) and English jupon.

    From Wiktionary