(third-person singular simple present gales, present participle galing, simple past galed or gole, past participle galed or galen)
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To sing; charm; enchant.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To cry; groan; croak.
- (intransitive, of a person, now chiefly dialectal) To talk.
- (intransitive, of a bird, Scotland) To call.
- (now chiefly dialectal) To sing; utter with musical modulations.
From Middle English galen, from Old English galan (“to sing, enchant, call, cry, scream; sing charms, practice incantation”), from Proto-Germanic *galaną (“to roop, sing, charm”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰol-, *gʰel- (“to shout, scream, charm away”). Cognate with Danish gale (“to crow”), Swedish gala (“to crow”), Icelandic gala (“to sing, chant, crow”), Dutch galm (“sound, noise”). Related to yell.
- (meteorology) A very strong wind, more than a breeze, less than a storm; number 7 through 9 winds on the 12-step Beaufort scale.
- An outburst, especially of laughter.
- a gale of laughter
- (archaic) A light breeze.
(third-person singular simple present gales, present participle galing, simple past and past participle galed)
- (nautical) To sail, or sail fast.
From Middle English gale (“a wind, breeze”), probably of North Germanic origin, related to Icelandic gola (“a breeze”), Danish gal (“furious, mad”), both from Old Norse gala (“to sing”).
- A shrub, also sweet gale or bog myrtle (Myrica gale) growing on moors and fens.
Middle English gail, from Old English gagel
- (archaic) A periodic payment, such as is made of a rent or annuity.
- Gale day - the day on which rent or interest is due.
Middle English gavel (“rent", "tribute”), from Old English gafol