- The definition of a stone is a small piece of rock.
An example of a stone is an uncut diamond.
- Stone is the British measure of weight.
An example of stone is fourteen US pounds.
- Stone is defined as to throw small pieces of rock at someone.
An example of to stone is a form of execution carried out in areas of Nigeria.
- the hard, solid, nonmetallic mineral matter of which rock is composed
- a piece of rock of relatively small size
- a piece of rock shaped or finished for some purpose; specif.,
- a large, solid piece used in building; also, such pieces collectively
- a paving block
- a gravestone or memorial
- a boundary mark or milestone
- a grindstone or whetstone
- something that resembles a small stone; specif.,
- a hailstone
- the stonelike seed of certain fruits, as of a date
- the hard endocarp and the enclosed seed of a drupe, as of a peach
- Archaic a testicle
- precious stone
- pl. Brit. a unit of weight, equal to 14 pounds (6.3503 kilograms): abbrev. st
- Med. an abnormal stony mass formed in the body, esp. in a kidney or gallbladder
- Printing a table with a smooth top, originally of stone, on which page forms are composed
- a surface incised or engraved with a design or text to be lithographed
Origin of stoneMiddle English from Old English stan, akin to Dutch steen, German stein from Indo-European base an unverified form st?i-, to become thick, compress, stiffen from source Classical Latin stiria, a drop ( from stilla), Classical Greek stear, tallow
transitive verbstoned, ston′ing
- to throw stones at; esp., to kill by pelting with stones
- to furnish, pave, line, etc. with stones
- to remove the stone from (a peach, cherry, etc.)
- of stone or stoneware
Origin of stonecf. stone-Slang complete, utter, thoroughgoing, etc.: a stone genius
carve in stone
cast the first stone
Origin of stonein allusion to Jesus's words to those about to stone a woman for adultery (John 8:7)
leave no stone unturned
- to search everywhere
- to do everything possible
- 1902-78; U.S. architect
- 1872-1946; chief justice of the U.S. (1941-46)
- (Mrs. Henry Brown Blackwell) 1818-93; U.S. reformer & suffragist
Origin of stone-from stone, with the sense “like or as a stone”
- a. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; rock.b. Such concreted matter of a particular type. Often used in combination: sandstone; soapstone.
- A small piece of rock.
- Rock or a piece of rock shaped or finished for a particular purpose, especially:a. A piece of rock that is used in construction: a coping stone; a paving stone.b. A gravestone or tombstone.c. A grindstone, millstone, or whetstone.d. A milestone or boundary.
- A gem or precious stone.
- Something, such as a hailstone, resembling a stone in shape or hardness.
- Botany The hard covering enclosing the seed in certain fruits, such as the cherry, plum, or peach.
- Medicine A mineral concretion in an organ, such as the kidney or gallbladder, or other body part; a calculus.
- pl. stone Abbr. st. A unit of weight in Great Britain, 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms).
- Printing A table with a smooth surface on which page forms are composed.
- Relating to or made of stone: a stone wall.
- Made of stoneware or earthenware.
- Complete; utter. Often used in combination: a stone liar; stone-deaf.
transitive verbstoned, ston·ing, stones
- To hurl or throw stones at, especially to kill with stones.
- To remove the stones or pits from.
- To furnish, fit, pave, or line with stones.
- To rub on or with a stone in order to polish or sharpen.
- Sports To block a shot taken by (an opponent). Used of a goalie.
- Obsolete To make hard or indifferent.
Origin of stoneMiddle English from Old English stān ; see stāi- in Indo-European roots.
(countable and uncountable, plural stones or stone) (see usage notes)
- (uncountable) A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders.
- A small piece of stone, a pebble.
- A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
- (UK, plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc. 1 stone â‰ˆ 6.3503 kilograms
- (botany) The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
- a peach stone
- (medicine) A hard, stone-like deposit.
- kidney stone
- (board games) A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
- A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
- (curling) A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.
- A monument to the dead; a gravestone.
- (dated, printing) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc. before printing; also called imposing stone.
All countable senses use the plural stones except the British unit of mass, which uses the invariant plural stone.
(third-person singular simple present stones, present participle stoning, simple past and past participle stoned)
From Middle English stan, ston, from Old English stÄn, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (compare Dutch steen, German Stein), from Proto-Indo-European *st(y)oy- (compare Latin stiria (“icicle"), Russian ÑÑ‚ÐµÐ½Ð° (stenÃ¡, “wall"), Ancient Greek ÏƒÏ„á¿–Î¿Î½ (stÃ®on, “pebble"), ÏƒÏ„ÎÎ±Ï (stear, “tallow"), Persian Ø³ØªÙˆÙ† (sotun, “pillar"), Albanian shtÃ«ng (“hardened or pressed matter"), Sanskrit à¤¸à¥à¤¤à¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤¯à¤¤à¥‡ (styÄyate, “it hardens")).