- a clear, deep-blue variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone
- its color
- a translucent or transparent variety of corundum, varying in color
- a gem made of this: white, yellow, and purple sapphires
Origin of sapphireMiddle English ; from Old French saphir ; from Classical Latin sapphirus ; from Classical Greek sappheiros ; from Classical Hebrew (language) sapir ; from Sanskrit śanipriya, literally , dear to Saturn ; from Śaniḥ, Saturn (the planet) + priya, beloved ; from Indo-European an unverified form prī-, variant, variety of base an unverified form prēi-, to love from source friend
- A clear hard variety of corundum used as a gemstone that is usually blue but may be any color except red.
- A corundum gem.
- The blue color of a gem sapphire.
- Made of or resembling a gem sapphire.
- Having the color of a blue sapphire.
Origin of sapphireMiddle English saphir, from Old French safir, from Latin sapphīrus, from Greek sappheiros, of Semitic origin; akin to Hebrew sappîr, a precious stone.
(comparative more sapphire, superlative most sapphire)
- of a deep blue colour.
Old French saphir, from Latin sapphirus, from Ancient Greek á¼¡ ÏƒÎ¬Ï€Ï†ÎµÎ¹ÏÎ¿Ï‚ (hÄ“ sÃ¡ppheiros, “precious stone, gem") (2nd decl.; transliterated /sÃ¡pfiros/ in Biblos - Strong's Greek, entry 4552, sometimes spelt ÏƒÎ¬Î¼Ï†ÎµÎ¹ÏÎ¿Ï‚ in Griechisch-deutsches HandwÃ¶rterbuch or unusually hyphened as ÏƒÎ¬Ï€-Ï†ÎµÎ¹ÏÎ¿Ï‚ by Leander van Ess in "HÄ“ palaia diathÄ“kÄ“ kata tous hebdomÄ“konta" published in 1835), from a Semitic language (compare Hebrew ×¡Ö·×¤Ö´Ö¼×™×¨ (sappir) (cf. Strong's Concordance: entry 5601, probably ultimately from a non-Semitic source such as Sanskrit à¤¶à¤¨à¤¿à¤ªà¥à¤°à¤¿à¤¯ (Å›anipriya, “dear to Saturn") and dark-coloured stone (cf. Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit).
- A female given name from the precious stone.