- To shear is to cut something or have something cut off.
- When you shave a sheep, this is an example of shear.
- An example of shear is when you have your hair cut off.
transitive verbsheared, sheared or shorn, shearing
- to cut with shears or a similar sharp-edged instrument
- to remove (the hair, wool, etc.) by cutting or clipping
- to cut or clip the hair, wool, etc. from
- to tear or wrench (off) by shearing stress
- to move through as if cutting
- to strip or divest (someone) of a power, right, etc.
- Dialectal to reap with a sickle
Origin of shearMiddle English scheren ; from Old English scieran, akin to German scheren ; from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)ker-, to cut from source harvest
- to use a cutting tool, as shears, in trimming or cutting wool, shrubbery, metal, etc.
- Dialectal to use a sickle in reaping
- to come apart or break under the action of shearing stress
- to move by or as if by cutting
- Rare shears
- a single blade of a pair of shears
- a machine used in cutting metal, esp. sheet metal
- the action, process, or result of shearing; specif., the shearing of wool from an animal: used in designating a sheep's age: a sheep of three shears
- shearing stress
- any strain or distortion in shape resulting from the action of shearing stress
Origin of shearME schere < OE scear
verbsheared sheared, sheared sheared or shorn , shear·ing, shears
- To remove (fleece or hair) by cutting or clipping.
- To remove the hair or fleece from.
- To cut with or as if with shears: shearing a hedge.
- To divest or deprive as if by cutting: The prisoners were shorn of their dignity.
- To use a cutting tool such as shears.
- To move or proceed by or as if by cutting: shear through the wheat.
- Physics To become deformed by shear force.
- often shearsa. A pair of scissors.b. Any of various implements or machines that cut with a scissorlike action.
- The act, process, or result of shearing, especially when used to indicate a sheep's age: a two-shear ram.
- Something cut off by shearing.
- also sheers (used with a sing. or pl. verb) An apparatus used to lift heavy weights, consisting of two or more spars joined at the top and spread at the base, the tackle being suspended from the top.
- Physics a. See shear force.b. See shear strain.c. See shear stress.
Origin of shearMiddle English scheren, from Old English sceran; see sker-1 in Indo-European roots. N., from Middle English shere, from Old English scēar; see sker-1 in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present shears, present participle shearing, simple past sheared or shore, past participle shorn or sheared)
- Common misspelling of sheer.
From Middle English sheren, from Old English scieran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (“to cut”). Cognate with West Frisian skeare, Low German scheren, Dutch scheren, German scheren, Danish skære, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek κείρω (keirō, “I cut off”), Latin caro (“flesh”), Albanian harr (“to cut, to mow”), Lithuanian skìrti (“separate”), Welsh ysgar (“separate”). See also sharp.