- The definition of a prune is a partially dried plum, or is slang for an ill-tempered and unpleasant person.
- An example of a prune is a Casselman.
- An example of a prune is someone who gets angry when told to stop playing in the traffic.
- To prune is defined as to cut off the excess or dead parts.
- An example of to prune is to trim dead leaves off a plant.
- An example of to prune is to reduce the number of jobs in a company.
- a plum dried for eating
- any of various varieties of plum that can be dried without spoiling
- ☆ Slang a dull or otherwise unpleasant person
Origin of pruneMiddle English ; from Middle French ; from Vulgar Latin pruna ; from Classical Latin prunum ; from Classical Greek proumnon, plum
transitive verbpruned, pruning
- to remove dead or living parts from (a plant) so as to increase fruit or flower production or improve the form
- to cut out or get rid of as being unnecessary
- to reduce or diminish by removing what is unnecessary
Origin of pruneMiddle English prouynen ; from Old French prooignier, probably ; from provaignier, to cut ; from provain (; from Classical Latin propago: see propagate), a slip, influenced, influence by rooignier, to cut off ; from Late Latin an unverified form rotundiare ; from Classical Latin rotundus, round: see rotund
- a. The partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of the common plum, Prunus domestica.b. Any kind of plum that can be dried without spoiling.
- Slang An ill-tempered, stupid, or incompetent person.
intransitive verbpruned pruned, prun·ing, prunes Slang
Origin of pruneMiddle English, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, from Latin prūnum, plum.
verbpruned pruned, prun·ing, prunes
- To cut off or remove dead or living parts or branches of (a plant, for example) to improve shape or growth.
- To remove or cut out as superfluous.
- To reduce: prune a budget.
Origin of pruneMiddle English prouinen, from Old French proignier, perhaps from Vulgar Latin *prōretundiāre : Latin prō-, in front; see pro–1 + Latin rotundus, round (from rota, wheel; see ret- in Indo-European roots).
From Old French prune, from Latin prÅ«num, from Ancient Greek Ï€ÏÎ¿á¿¦Î½Î¿Î½ (prounon), variant of Ï€ÏÎ¿á¿¦Î¼Î½Î¿Î½ (proumnon, â€œplumâ€), a loanword from a language of Asia Minor.
(third-person singular simple present prunes, present participle pruning, simple past and past participle pruned)
From Old French proignier (â€œto trim the feathers with the beakâ€), earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus (â€œroundâ€) 'to round-off the front'.