- The definition of a prune is a partially dried plum, or is slang for an ill-tempered and unpleasant person.
- An example of a prune is a Casselman.
- An example of a prune is someone who gets angry when told to stop playing in the traffic.
- To prune is defined as to cut off the excess or dead parts.
- An example of to prune is to trim dead leaves off a plant.
- An example of to prune is to reduce the number of jobs in a company.
- a plum dried for eating
- any of various varieties of plum that can be dried without spoiling
- Informal a sour or disagreeable person
Origin of pruneMiddle English from Middle French from Vulgar Latin pruna from Classical Latin prunum from Classical Greek proumnon, plum
transitive verbpruned, prun′ing
- to remove dead or living parts from (a plant) so as to increase fruit or flower production or improve the form
- to cut out or get rid of as being unnecessary
- to reduce or diminish by removing what is unnecessary
Origin of pruneMiddle English prouynen from Old French prooignier, probably from provaignier, to cut from provain ( from Classical Latin propago: see propagate), a slip, influenced, influence by rooignier, to cut off from Late Latin an unverified form rotundiare from Classical Latin rotundus, round: see rotund
intransitive verbpruned, prun′ing
Origin of pruneMiddle English proinen from Old French poroindre from por- (for pro-) + oindre ( from Classical Latin ungere), to anoint
- a. The partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of the common plum, Prunus domestica.b. Any kind of plum that can be dried without spoiling.
- Slang An ill-tempered, stupid, or incompetent person.
intransitive verbpruned, prun·ing, prunes Slang
Origin of pruneMiddle English from Old French from Vulgar Latin prūna from Latin prūnum plum
verbpruned, prun·ing, prunes
- To cut off or remove dead or living parts or branches of (a plant, for example) to improve shape or growth.
- To remove or cut out as superfluous.
- To reduce: prune a budget.
Origin of pruneEarly Modern English from Middle French prougner from Old French prooignier perhaps from pro- variant of por-, pur- away, forth ( from Latin prō- in front ; see pro- 1. ) rooignier to trim ( from Vulgar Latin rotundiāre to round off ) ( from Latin rotundus round ; see ret- in Indo-European roots.)
From Old French prune, from Latin prÅ«num, from Ancient Greek Ï€ÏÎ¿á¿¦Î½Î¿Î½ (prounon), variant of Ï€ÏÎ¿á¿¦Î¼Î½Î¿Î½ (proumnon, “plum"), a loanword from a language of Asia Minor.
(third-person singular simple present prunes, present participle pruning, simple past and past participle pruned)
From Old French proignier (“to trim the feathers with the beak"), earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus (“round") 'to round-off the front'.