A woman scratches her wrist.
- An example of to scratch is someone relieving an itch with their nails.
- An example of to scratch is a cat attacking someone with its claws.
- An example of to scratch is someone carving their name in a tree trunk.
- to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something pointed or sharp
- to tear or dig with the nails or claws
- to rub or scrape lightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching, etc.
- to chafe
- to rub or scrape with a grating noise: to scratch a match on a wall
- to write or draw hurriedly or carelessly
- to strike out or cancel (writing, etc.)
- to gather or collect with difficulty; scrape (together or up)
- Sports to withdraw (an entry) from a contest, specif. from a horse race
Origin of scratchLate Middle English scracchen, probably altered from scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen from or akin to Middle Dutch cratsen, to scratch from Indo-European base an unverified form gred- from source Albanian gërüj, (I) scratch
- to use nails or claws in digging or wounding
- to rub or scrape the skin lightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching, etc.
- to manage to get by; scrape by
- to make a harsh, scraping noise
- to withdraw from a race or contest
- in certain card games, to score no points
- to make a scratch
- the act of scratching
- a mark or tear made in a surface by something sharp or rough
- a wound, usually superficial, inflicted by nails, claws, or something pointed pulled across the skin, etc.
- a slight grating or scraping sound
- a hasty mark, as of a pen; scribble
- the starting line of a race
- in certain card games, a score of zero
- Slang money
- a shot that results in a penalty; specif., in pool, a shot in which the cue ball goes into a pocket
- the starting point or time of a contestant who receives no handicap
- such a contestant
- an entry withdrawn from a contest
- used for hasty notes, preliminary or tentative figuring, etc.: scratch paper
- skillful enough to require no handicap or special allowance in a contest: a scratch golfer
- put together in haste and without much selection: a scratch team
- Baseball designating a chance hit credited to a batter for a ball not hit sharply, but on which the batter reaches base safely
- from the start; from the very beginning
- from nothing; without resources, advantage, etc.
- without the use of components or ingredients commercially prepared, assembled, or mixed beforehand: a pie baked from scratch, a shed built from scratch
scratch one's head
Origin of scratchfrom the common mannerism, as when pondering a question
scratch the surface
up to scratch
- toeing the mark; ready to start a race, contest, etc.
- Informal ready to meet difficulties, start on an enterprise, etc.
- Informal up to standard; acceptable; good
Origin of Scratchaltered (infl. by scratch) from Middle English skratte from Old Norse skratti, monster, sorcerer, akin to Old High German scraz, goblin from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)ker-, to shrink from source scrannel
verbscratched, scratch·ing, scratch·es
- To make a thin shallow cut or mark on (a surface) with a sharp instrument.
- To use the nails or claws to dig or scrape at.
- To rub or scrape (the skin) to relieve itching.
- To scrape or strike on an abrasive surface.
- To write or draw (something) by scraping a surface: scratched their initials on a rock.
- To write or draw hurriedly: scratched off a thank-you note.
- a. To strike out or cancel (a word, for example) by or as if by drawing lines through.b. Slang To cancel (a project or program, for example).
- a. To withdraw (an entry) from a contest or competition: The jockey decided to scratch the horse when it sprained its ankle.b. To withdraw an entry from (a contest or competition): Having won three races already, the swimmer scratched her final event.
- To use the nails or claws to dig, scrape, or wound.
- To rub or scrape the skin to relieve itching.
- To make a harsh scraping sound.
- To gather funds or produce a living with difficulty.
- a. To withdraw from a contest or competition.b. Games To make a shot in billiards that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball falls into a pocket or jumps the cushion.
- a. A mark resembling a line that is produced by scratching.b. A slight wound.
- A hasty scribble.
- A sound made by scratching.
- a. Sports The starting line for a race.b. A contestant who has been withdrawn from a competition.
- Games a. The act of scratching in billiards.b. A fluke or chance shot in billiards.
- Poultry feed.
- Slang Money.
- Done haphazardly or by chance.
- Assembled hastily or at random.
- Sports Having no golf handicap.
Origin of scratchMiddle English scracchen probably blend of scratten to scratch and cracchen to scratch ( possibly from Middle Dutch cratsen )
(third-person singular simple present scratches, present participle scratching, simple past and past participle scratched)
- To rub a surface with a sharp object, especially by a living creature to remove itching with nails, claws, etc.
- Could you please scratch my back?
- To rub the skin with rough material causing a sensation of irritation.
- I don't like that new scarf because it scratches my neck.
- To mark a surface with a sharp object, thereby leaving a scratch (noun).
- A real diamond can easily scratch a pane of glass.
- To remove, ignore or delete.
- Scratch what I said earlier; I was wrong.
- When the favorite was scratched from the race, there was a riot at the betting windows.
- (music) To produce a distinctive sound on a turntable by moving a vinyl record back and forth while manipulating the crossfader (see also scratching).
- (billiards) To commit a foul in pool, as where the cue ball is put into a pocket or jumps off the table.
- Embarrassingly, he scratched on the break, popping the cue completely off the table.
- (billiards, dated, US) To score, not by skilful play but by some fortunate chance of the game.
- To write or draw hastily or awkwardly.
- To dig or excavate with the claws.
- Some animals scratch holes, in which they burrow.
- (countable) A disruption, mark or shallow cut on a surface made by scratching.
- I can't believe there is a scratch in the paint already.
- Her skin was covered with tiny scratches.
- An act of scratching the skin to alleviate an itch or irritation.
- The dog sat up and had a good scratch.
- (sports) A starting line (originally and simply, a line scratched in the ground), as in boxing.
- (billiards) A foul in pool, as where the cue ball is put into a pocket or jumps off the table.
- (billiards, archaic, US, slang) A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by the player; a fluke.
- (slang) Money.
- A technical error of touching or surpassing the starting mark prior to the official start signal in the sporting events of long jump, discus, hammer throw, shot put, and similar. Originally the starting mark was a scratch on the ground but is now a board or precisely indicated mark.
- A feed, usually a mixture of a few common grains, given to chickens.
- (in the plural) Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy.
- A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head.
- For or consisting of preliminary or tentative, incomplete, etc. work.
- This is scratch paper, so go ahead and scribble whatever you want on it.
- Hastily assembled; put together in a hurry or from disparate elements.
- (computing, from scratchpad) Relating to a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary use.
- Constructed from whatever materials are to hand.
- (sports) (of a player) Of a standard high enough to play without a handicap, i.e. to compete without the benefit of a variation in scoring based on ability.
Probably from a blend of the Middle English words scratten (“to scratch") and crachen (“to scratch").
scratch - Computer Definition
A visual programming language for creating animations, developed at MIT and introduced in 2007. A Scratch script is coded by dragging predefined action commands into a work area. Used in schools, colleges and community centers to create games, animations and infographics, Scratch is also used to teach basic programming concepts. See scratch disk.