- Rue is defined as to regret or feel remorse.
An example of rue is a mother wishing she hadn't given her baby up for adoption.
transitive verbrued, ruing
- to feel remorse or repentance for (a sin, fault, etc.)
- to wish (an act, promise, etc.) undone or unmade; regret
Origin of rueMiddle English reowen ; from Old English hreowan, akin to German reuen, to regret, Old Norse hryggr, sorrowful, probably ; from Indo-European base an unverified form kreu-, to strike, beat from source Classical Greek krouein
Origin of rueOld French ; from Classical Latin ruta ; from Classical Greek rhytē
verbrued rued, ru·ing, rues
Origin of rueMiddle English ruen, from Old English hrēowan, to affect with grief, and hrēowian, to repent.
- Any of various aromatic woody herbs or shrubs of the genus Ruta of the Mediterranean region and western Asia, especially the ornamental R. graveolens, having bipinnately compound leaves that yield an acrid volatile oil formerly used in medicine.
- Any of various other plants having similar foliage, such as meadow rue.
Origin of rueMiddle English, from Old French, from Latin rūta, probably from Greek rhūtē.
From Middle English rewe, reowe, from Old English hrēow (“sorrow, regret, penitence, repentance, penance”), from Proto-Germanic *hrewwō (“pain, sadness, regret, repentance”), from Proto-Indo-European *krew-, *krow-, *krows- (“to push, fall, beat, break”). Cognate with Scots rew (“rue”), West Frisian rouw (“sadness”), Dutch rouw (“mourning, sadness”), German Reue (“repentance, regret, remorse, contrition”), Lithuanian krùšti (“to smash, crash, bruise”), Russian крушить (krushitʹ, “to destroy”).
(third-person singular simple present rues, present participle ruing or rueing, simple past and past participle rued)
Most frequently used in the collocation “rue the day”.
- Any of various perennial shrubs of the genus Ruta, especially the herb Ruta graveolens, formerly used in medicines.