- The definition of roast is cooked over very high heat with little moisture.
An example of roast used as an adjective is in the phrase roast pork.
- Roast is defined as something cooked over very high heat with little moisture, or the act of such a cooking.
An example of a roast is rib beef for Christmas dinner.
- Roast means to cook with little moisture, or over very hot heat.
An example of roast is to put chicken in the oven at 400 degrees.
- to cook (something) with little or no moisture, as in an oven, over an open fire, or in hot embers: to roast a chicken, an ox, an ear of corn, etc.
- to dry, parch, or brown (coffee beans, nuts, etc.) by exposure to heat
- to expose to great heat
- to heat (an ore) in a furnace in the presence of oxygen or air so as to form oxides
- to warm (oneself), as at a fireplace
- Informal to criticize severely or ridicule without mercy
Origin of roastMiddle English rosten from Old French rostir from Frankish an unverified form raustjan, akin to Old High German rosten from rost, gridiron, roast
- to roast meat, etc.
- to be cooked by being roasted
- to be or become very hot
- something roasted; esp., roasted meat or a piece of roasted meat
- a cut of meat for roasting
- a particular type of roasted coffee: a dark roast
- a roasting or being roasted
- a picnic at which food is roasted and eaten: a steer roast
- severe criticism or ridicule
- an entertainment, typically a banquet, at which the guest of honor is the object of good-natured ridicule
verbroast·ed, roast·ing, roasts
- To cook with dry heat, as in an oven or near hot coals.
- To dry, brown, or parch by exposing to heat.
- To expose to great or excessive heat.
- Metallurgy To heat (ores) in a furnace in order to dehydrate, purify, or oxidize before smelting.
- Informal a. To ridicule or criticize harshly.b. To honor at or subject to a roast.
- To cook food in an oven.
- To undergo roasting.
- a. Something roasted.b. A cut of meat suitable or prepared for roasting.
- a. The act or process of roasting.b. The state of being roasted.
- a. Harsh ridicule or criticism.b. A facetious tribute, as at a banquet, in which the honoree is alternately praised and insulted.
Origin of roastMiddle English rosten from Old French rostir of Germanic origin
(third-person singular simple present roasts, present participle roasting, simple past and past participle roasted)
- (intransitive or ergative) To cook food by heating in an oven or over a fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance.
- to roast meat on a spit
- To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.
- to roast a potato in ashes
- (intransitive or ergative) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
- Coffee beans need roasting before use.
- to roast chestnuts or peanuts
- To heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
- (figuratively) To admonish someone vigorously
- I'm late home for the fourth time this week; my mate will really roast me this time.
- (figuratively) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine.
- The class clown enjoys being roasted by mates as well as staff.
- (metalworking) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
- A cut of meat suited to roasting
- A meal consisting of roast foods.
- The degree to which something, especially coffee, is roasted.
- Dark roast means that the coffee bean has been roasted to a higher temperature and for a longer period of time than in light roast.
- (Originally fraternal) A comical event where a person is subjected to verbal attack, yet may be praised by sarcasm and jokes.
- having been cooked by roasting
- (figuratively) subjected to roasting, bantered, severely criticized
From Middle English rosten, from Old French rostir (“to roast") (Modern French: rÃ´tir), from Frankish *rÅstjan (“to roast"), from Proto-Germanic *raustijanÄ… (“to roast"), from Proto-Indo-European *reus- (“to crackle, roast"). Cognate with Dutch roosteren (“to roast"), German rÃ¶sten (“to roast").