- The definition of roast is cooked over very high heat with little moisture.
An example of roast used as an adjective is in the phrase roast pork.
- Roast is defined as something cooked over very high heat with little moisture, or the act of such a cooking.
An example of a roast is rib beef for Christmas dinner.
- Roast means to cook with little moisture, or over very hot heat.
An example of roast is to put chicken in the oven at 400 degrees.
- to cook (something) with little or no moisture, as in an oven, over an open fire, or in hot embers: to roast a chicken, an ox, an ear of corn, etc.
- to dry, parch, or brown (coffee, etc.) by exposure to heat
- to expose to great heat
- to heat (an ore) in a furnace in the presence of oxygen or air so as to form oxides
- to warm (oneself), as at a fireplace
- Informal to criticize severely or ridicule without mercy
Origin of roastMiddle English rosten ; from Old French rostir ; from Frankish an unverified form raustjan, akin to Old High German rosten ; from rost, gridiron, roast
- to roast meat, etc.
- to be cooked by being roasted
- to be or become very hot
- something roasted; esp., roasted meat or a piece of roasted meat
- a cut of meat for roasting
- a roasting or being roasted
- ☆ a picnic at which food is roasted and eaten: a steer roast
- severe criticism or ridicule
- ☆ an entertainment at which a person, esp. a celebrity, undergoes severe but playful criticism
verbroast·ed, roast·ing, roasts
- To cook with dry heat, as in an oven or near hot coals.
- To dry, brown, or parch by exposing to heat.
- To expose to great or excessive heat.
- Metallurgy To heat (ores) in a furnace in order to dehydrate, purify, or oxidize before smelting.
- Informal a. To ridicule or criticize harshly.b. To honor at or subject to a roast.
- To cook food in an oven.
- To undergo roasting.
- a. Something roasted.b. A cut of meat suitable or prepared for roasting.
- a. The act or process of roasting.b. The state of being roasted.
- a. Harsh ridicule or criticism.b. A facetious tribute, as at a banquet, in which the honoree is alternately praised and insulted.
Origin of roastMiddle English rosten, from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin.
(third-person singular simple present roasts, present participle roasting, simple past and past participle roasted)
- (intransitive or ergative) To cook food by heating in an oven or over a fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance.
- to roast meat on a spit
- To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.
- to roast a potato in ashes
- (intransitive or ergative) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
- Coffee beans need roasting before use.
- to roast chestnuts or peanuts
- To heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
- (figuratively) To admonish someone vigorously
- I’m late home for the fourth time this week; my mate will really roast me this time.
- (figuratively) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine.
- The class clown enjoys being roasted by mates as well as staff.
- (metalworking) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
- A cut of meat suited to roasting
- A meal consisting of roast foods.
- The degree to which something, especially coffee, is roasted.
- Dark roast means that the coffee bean has been roasted to a higher temperature and for a longer period of time than in light roast.
- (Originally fraternal) A comical event where a person is subjected to verbal attack, yet may be praised by sarcasm and jokes.
- having been cooked by roasting
- (figuratively) subjected to roasting, bantered, severely criticized
From Middle English rosten, from Old French rostir (“to roast”) (Modern French: rôtir), from Frankish *rōstjan (“to roast”), from Proto-Germanic *raustijaną (“to roast”), from Proto-Indo-European *reus- (“to crackle, roast”). Cognate with Dutch roosteren (“to roast”), German rösten (“to roast”).