confound[kən fo̵und′; for 3, usually kän′-]
- An example of confound is when you ask someone a really tough question.
- An example of confound is when you act in a suprising way, leaving friends confused about your behavior.
- An example of confound is when you stop a plot to overthrow the government.
- to mix up or lump together indiscriminately; confuse
- to make feel confused; bewilder
- to damn: used as a mild oath
- Archaic to defeat or destroy
- Archaic to abash
Origin of confoundMiddle English confouṅden ; from Old French confondre ; from Classical Latin confundere, to pour together, confuse ; from com-, together + fundere, to pour: see found
transitive verbcon·found·ed, con·found·ing, con·founds
- To cause to become confused or perplexed. See Synonyms at perplex.
- To fail to distinguish; mix up: Don't confound fiction and fact.
- To make (something bad) worse: Do not confound the problem by losing your temper.
- To cause to be ashamed; abash: an invention that confounded the skeptics.
- Used in mild curses: Confound you!
- a. To frustrate or thwart: trivial demands that confounded the peace talks.b. Archaic To defeat or overthrow (an enemy).
Origin of confoundMiddle English confounden, from Anglo-Norman confundre, from Latin cōnfundere, to mix together, confuse : com-, com- + fundere, to pour; see gheu- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present confounds, present participle confounding, simple past and past participle confounded)
- To confuse; to mix up; to puzzle.
- To fail to see the difference; to mix up; to confuse right and wrong.
- To make something worse.
- Don't confound the situation by yelling.
- To cause to be ashamed; to abash.
- His actions confounded the skeptics.
- To defeat, to frustrate, to thwart.
- (dated) To damn (a mild oath).
- Confound you!
- Confound the lady!
- (archaic) To bring to ruination.
- To stun, amaze
- (statistics) a confounding variable
From Anglo-Norman cunfundre, from Old French confondre.