enlighten[en līt′'n, in-]
An example of enlighten is teaching a meditation workshop.
- to give the light of fact and knowledge to; free from ignorance, prejudice, or superstition
- Religion to give spiritual insight and understanding to
- to make clear to (a person) the facts or nature of something; inform
- Archaic to light up; illuminate
transitive verben·light·ened, en·light·en·ing, en·light·ens
- To give spiritual or intellectual insight to: “Enlighten the people generally, and tyranny and oppression of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day” (Thomas Jefferson).
- To give information to; inform or instruct.
(third-person singular simple present enlightens, present participle enlightening, simple past and past participle enlightened)
- To supply with light; to illuminate; as, the sun enlightens the earth.
- To make clear to the intellect or conscience; to shed the light of truth and knowledge upon; to furnish with increase of knowledge; to instruct; as, to enlighten the mind or understanding.
Formerly also inlighten, from Middle English enlightenen, inlightnen, a hybrid formed from Middle English inlighten (“to enlighten, illuminate”), from Old English inlīhtan, onlīhtan, enlīhten (“to enlighten, illuminate, give light to, give sight to”) and Middle English lightnen (“to enlighten, illuminate”) (equivalent to light + -en). Cognate with Dutch inlichten (“to enlighten, inform”), Old High German inliuhten (“to enlighten, illuminate”), Gothic (inliuhtjan, “to enlighten, illuminate”). More at inlight, -en.