Long meaning

lông, lŏng
The definition of long is an extended distance or an extended period of time.

An example of long is a 100 mile road.

An example of long is a 4-hour movie.

adjective
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Of a specified linear extent or duration.

A mile long; an hour long.

adjective
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Made up of many members or items.

A long shopping list.

adjective
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Tediously protracted; lengthy.

A long speech.

adjective
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Of relatively great duration.

A long time.

adjective
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Concerned with distant issues; far-reaching.

Took a long view of the geopolitical issues.

adjective
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Involving substantial chance; risky.

Long odds.

adjective
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Having an abundance or excess of.
adjective
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Having a holding of a commodity or security in expectation of a rise in price.

Long on soybeans.

adjective
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Being of relatively great duration. Used of a syllable in quantitative prosody.
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During or for an extended period of time.

The promotion was long due.

adverb
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At or to a considerable distance; far.

She walked long past the end of the trail.

adverb
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Beyond a given boundary, limit, or goal.

Hit the return long.

adverb
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For or throughout a specified period.

They talked all night long.

adverb
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At a point of time distant from that referred to.

That event took place long before we were born.

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Into or in a long position, as of a commodity market.
adverb
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A long time.

This won't take long.

noun
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(linguistics) A long syllable, vowel, or consonant.
noun
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One who acquires holdings in a security or commodity in expectation of a rise in price.
noun
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To have an earnest, heartfelt desire, especially for something beyond reach.
verb
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Longitude.
abbreviation
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Measuring much from end to end in space or from beginning to end in time; not short or brief.
adjective
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Measured from end to end rather than from side to side.

The long dimension.

adjective
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Of a specified extent in length.

A foot long.

adjective
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Of greater than usual or standard length, height, quantity, etc.

A long game, a long window, a long ton.

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Containing many items or members.
adjective
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Overextended in length.
adjective
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Taking too much time; tedious; slow.
adjective
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Extending to what is distant in space or time; far-reaching.

A long view of the matter.

adjective
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Large; big.

The long odds of 100 to 1, to take a long chance.

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Having an abundance of.

Long on excuses.

adjective
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Designating a historical period considered in terms of a greater duration than technically would be ascribed to it.

The long 19th century" (1789-1914) extends from the French Revolution to WWI.

adjective
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(finance) Holding a commodity or security in anticipation of a rise in price.
adjective
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For a long time.
adverb
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For the duration of; from the beginning to the end.

All day long.

adverb
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At a much earlier or a much later time than the time indicated; remotely.

To stay long after midnight.

adverb
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A variation of clothing size longer than the average for that size.
noun
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Long pants.
noun
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A signal, syllable, etc. of long duration.
noun
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A long time.

It won't take long to finish the work.

noun
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To feel a strong yearning; wish earnestly.

To long to go home, to long for affection.

verb
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(archaic) To be fitting or appropriate.
verb
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Longitude.
abbreviation
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(person) 1893-1935; U.S. political leader: assassinated.
proper name
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In programming, an integer variable. In C, a long is four bytes and can be signed (-2G to +2G) or unsigned (4G). Contrast with short.
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A synonym for buy. If an investor owns 50 futures contracts and 100 shares of common stock, the investor is said to be long 50 futures contracts and long 100 shares of common stock. A trader who is long expects prices to rise. Long is the opposite of short, which corresponds to a sale of shares of futures contracts or common stock.
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Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point (usually applies to horizontal dimensions;).

It's a long way from the Earth to the Moon.

adjective
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Having great duration.

The pyramids of Egypt have been around for a long time.

adjective
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Seemingly lasting a lot of time, because it is boring or tedious or tiring.
adjective
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(UK, dialect) Not short; tall.
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(finance) Possessing or owning stocks, bonds, commodities or other financial instruments with the aim of benefiting of the expected rise in their value.

I'm long in DuPont; I have a long position in DuPont.

adjective
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(cricket) Of a fielding position, close to the boundary (closer to the boundary than the equivalent short position).
adjective
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(tennis, of a ball or a shot) That land beyond the baseline (therefore is out).

No! That forehand is long [...] .

adjective
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Over a great distance in space.

He threw the ball long.

adverb
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For a particular duration.

How long is it until the next bus arrives?

adverb
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For a long duration.

Will this interview take long?

adverb
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(over a great distance): a short distance, a short way.
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(for a long duration): an instant, a minute, a moment, a second, a short time, not long.
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(linguistics) A long vowel.
noun
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(programming) A long integer variable, twice the size of an int or a short and half of a long long.

A long is typically 64 bits in a 32-bit environment.

noun
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(finance) An entity with a long position in an asset.

Every uptick made the longs cheer.

noun
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(music) A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.
noun
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(finance) To take a long position in.
verb
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(intransitive) To await, to aspire, to desire greatly (something to occur or to be true)

She longed for him to come back.

verb
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(archaic) On account of, because of.
adjective
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(archaic) To be appropriate to, to pertain or belong to.
verb
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Abbreviation of along.
adverb
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Abbreviation of along.
preposition
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Alternative form of long.
verb
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Forms adjectives indicating duration when suffixed to nouns of duration.
suffix
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any longer
  • For more time:
    Can't wait any longer.
idiom
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before long
  • Soon.
idiom
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long ago
  • At a time or during a period well before the present:
    I read that book long ago.
  • A time well before the present:
    Heroes of long ago.
idiom
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long in the tooth
  • Growing old.
idiom
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no longer
  • Not now as formerly:
    He no longer smokes.
idiom
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not long for
  • Unlikely to remain for much more time in:
    Not long for this world.
idiom
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the long and the short of it
  • The substance or gist:
    You can look on the front page of the paper for the long and the short of it.
idiom
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as long as
  • of the same length as
  • during the time that
  • seeing that; since
  • provided that
idiom
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before long
  • soon
idiom
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long live (someone)!
  • may (someone) live a long time! [long live the king!]
idiom
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no longer
  • not up to this or that time; not still
    no longer interested in sports.
idiom
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the long and the short of
  • the whole story of in a few words; gist or point of
idiom
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Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

not long for
the long and the short of it
long live (someone)!
the long and the short of

Origin of long

  • Middle English longen from Old English langian del-1 in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Middle English from Old English lang del-1 in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English long, lang, from Old English long, lang (“long, tall, lasting"), from Proto-Germanic *langaz (“long"), from Proto-Indo-European *dlÌ¥h₁gʰós (“long"). Cognate with Scots lang (“long"), North Frisian long, lung (“long"), Saterland Frisian loang (“long"), West Frisian lang (“long"), Dutch lang (“long"), German lang (“long"), Swedish lÃ¥ng (“long"), Icelandic langur (“long"), Latin longus (“long"), Ancient Greek δολιχός (dolikhos), Russian долгий (dólgij), длинный (dlinnyj).

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle English longen, from Old English langian (“to long for, yearn after, grieve for, be pained, lengthen, grow longer, summon, belong"), from Proto-Germanic *langōnÄ… (“to desire, long for"), from Proto-Indo-European *dlÌ¥h₁gʰós (“long"). Cognate with German langen (“to reach, be sufficient"), Swedish langa (“to push, pass by hand"), Icelandic langa (“to want, desire"), Dutch and German verlangen (“to desire, want, long for").

    From Wiktionary

  • Aphetic form of Old English gelang; the verb later reinterpreted as an aphetic form of belong.

    From Wiktionary

  • From long

    From Wiktionary