Year meaning

yîr
Frequency:
A specific period of time, usually shorter than 12 months, devoted to a special activity.

The academic year.

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The period (365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds of mean solar time) spent by the sun in making its apparent passage from vernal equinox to vernal equinox: the year of the seasons.
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A sidereal year.
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A calendar year of a specified number in a particular era.

The year 500 b.c.

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(by extension) The time it takes for any planetary body to make one revolution around another body.

Mars goes around the sun once in a Martian year, or 1.88 Earth years.

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A period equal to the calendar year but beginning on a different date.

A tax-reckoning year; a farming year.

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The period (365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.54 seconds of mean solar time) spent by the sun in its apparent passage from a fixed star and back to the same position again: it is the true period of the earth's revolution, and the difference in time between this and the tropical year is due to the precession of the equinoxes.
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A period of 12 lunar months, as in the Jewish calendar.
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The period of time occupied by any planet in making one complete revolution from perihelion to perihelion: for the earth this period is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 53 seconds: it is slightly longer than the sidereal year due to the extra time needed to reach an advancing perihelion, the lag being caused by the gravitational pull of the other planets.
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A period of 12 calendar months reckoned from any date.

A year from today.

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A particular annual period of fewer than 365 days.

A school year.

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The time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun (between 365.24 and 365.26 days depending on the point of reference).

We moved to this town a year ago; I quit smoking exactly one year ago.

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A period between set dates that mark a year, from January 1 to December 31 by the Gregorian calendar.

A normal year has 365 full days, but there are 366 days in a leap year.

I was born in the year 1950.

This Chinese year is the year of the Rooster.

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A scheduled part of a calendar year spent in a specific activity.

During this school year I have to get up at 6:30 to catch the bus.

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(sciences) A Julian year, exactly 365.25 days, represented by "a".
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Every second-year student must select an area of specialization.

The exams in year 12 at high school are the most difficult.

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The proportion of a creature's lifespan equivalent to one year of an average human lifespan (see also dog year).

Geneticists have created baker's yeast that can live to 800 in yeast years.

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The definition of a year is a period of time equal to 365 days, 12 months or 52 weeks, or a year is 12 lunar months in the Jewish calendar.

An example of a year is January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012.

An example of a year in the Jewish calendar is the current year, 5772.

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A solar year.
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Age, especially old age.

I'm feeling my years.

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An indefinitely long period of time.

It's been years since we saw her.

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year after year
  • Every year or for many successive years.
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year by year
  • Each year.
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year in, year out
  • Every year.
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Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

year after year
year by year

Origin of year

  • Middle English yere from Old English gēar yēr- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English yeer, yere, from Old English Ä¡Ä“r, Ä¡Ä“ar (“year"), from Proto-Germanic *jÄ“rÄ… (“year"), from Proto-Indo-European *yōro-, *yeh₁ro- (“year, spring"), *yeh₁r-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Jier (“year"), West Frisian jier (“year"), Dutch jaar (“year"), German Jahr (“year"), Swedish Ã¥r (“year"), Icelandic ári (“year"), Serbo-Croatian jār (“spring"), Ancient Greek ὥρα (hōra, “year, season"), Avestan 𐬫𐬁𐬭𐬆 (yārÉ™, “year") and perhaps Albanian herë (“time").

    From Wiktionary