(third-person singular simple present lies, present participle lying, simple past lay, past participle lain)
- (intransitive) To rest in a horizontal position on a surface.
- The book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies in his coffin.
- (intransitive) To be placed or situated.
- To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in a certain state or condition.
- to lie waste; to lie fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves
- The paper does not lie smooth on the wall.
- To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding place; to consist; used with in.
- (archaic) To lodge; to sleep.
- To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.
- (law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being maintained.
- lay, a corresponding transitive version of this word
- (golf) The terrain and conditions surrounding the ball before it is struck.
- (medicine) The position of a fetus in the womb.
From Middle English lien, liggen, from Old English licgan, from Proto-Germanic *ligjanÄ…, from Proto-Indo-European *legÊ°-. Cognate with West Frisian lizze, Dutch liggen, German liegen, Danish ligge, Swedish ligga, Gothic ðŒ»ðŒ¹ðŒ²ðŒ°ðŒ½ (ligan); and with Latin lectus (“bed"), Irish luighe, Russian Ð»ÐµÐ¶Ð°Ñ‚ÑŒ (leÅ¾atÊ¹), Albanian lagje (“inhabited area, neighbourhood").
As a noun for position, the noun has the same etymology above as the verb.
(third-person singular simple present lies, present participle lying, simple past and past participle lied)
- (intransitive) To give false information intentionally.
- When Pinocchio lies, his nose grows.
- If you are found to have lied in court, you could face a penalty.
- While a principle-based approach might claim that lying is always morally wrong, the casuist would argue that, depending upon the details of the case, lying might or might not be illegal or unethical. The casuist might conclude that a person is wrong to lie in legal testimony under oath, but might argue that lying actually is the best moral choice if the lie saves a life.WP
- (intransitive) To convey a false image or impression.
- Photos often lie.
- Hips don't lie.
From Middle English lien (“to lie, tell a falsehood"), from Old English lÄ“ogan (“to lie"), from Proto-Germanic *leuganÄ… (“to lie"), from Proto-Indo-European *lewgÊ°- (“to lie, swear, bemoan"). Cognate with West Frisian lige (“to lie"), Low German legen, lÃ¶gen, Dutch liegen (“to lie"), German lÃ¼gen (“to lie"), Norwegian ljuge/lyge (“to lie"), Danish lyve (“to lie"), Swedish ljuga (“to lie"), and more distantly with Bulgarian Ð»ÑŠÐ¶Ð° (lÇŽÅ¾a, “to lie"), Russian Ð»Ð³Ð°Ñ‚ÑŒ (lgatÊ¹, “to lie").
- An intentionally false statement; an intentional falsehood.
- I knew he was telling a lie by his facial expression.
- A statement intended to deceive, even if literally true; a half-truth
- Anything that misleads or disappoints.
From Middle English lie, from Old English lyÄ¡e (“lie, falsehood"), from Proto-Germanic *lugiz (“lie, falsehood"), from Proto-Indo-European *leugh- (“to tell lies, swear, complain"), *lewgÊ°-. Cognate with Old Saxon luggi (“a lie"), Old High German lugÄ« (German LÃ¼ge, “a lie"), Danish lÃ¸gn (“a lie"), Bulgarian Ð»ÑŠÐ¶Ð° (lÇŽÅ¾a, “Ð° lie"),
- The Long Island Expressway, I-495.