(countable and uncountable, plural lathers)
- The foam made by rapidly stirring soap and water.
- Foam from profuse sweating, as of a horse.
- A state of agitation.
From Middle English lather, from Old English lÄ“aÃ¾or (“a kind of niter used for soap, soda"), from Proto-Germanic *lauÃ¾rÄ… (“that which is used for washing, soap"), from Proto-Indo-European *lowÊ°â‚ƒ-tro- (“that which is used for washing"), from Proto-Indo-European *lawe-, *lewÊ°â‚ƒ-, *lowÊ°â‚ƒ- (“to wash, bathe"). Cognate with Swedish lÃ¶dder (“lather, foam, froth, soap"), Icelandic lÃ¶Ã°ur (“foam, froth, a kind of niter used for soap"), Old Irish lÃ³athar (“wash-basin"), Ancient Greek Î»Î¿Ï…Ï„ÏÏŒÎ½ (loutrÃ³n, “a bath, wash-room"), Latin lavÅ (“wash"), Albanian laj (“I wash"), Ancient Greek Î»Î¿ÏÏ‰ (loÃºÅ). More at lye.
(third-person singular simple present lathers, present participle lathering, simple past and past participle lathered)
- To cover with lather.
- To beat or whip.
- (intransitive) To form lather or froth, as a horse does when profusely sweating.
Frm Middle English *lethren, from Old English lÄ“Ã¾rian, lÈ³Ã¾rian, *lÄ«eÃ¾rian (“to anoint, smear, lather"), from Old English lÄ“aÃ¾or (“a kind of niter used for soap, soda"). See above.