Lathe definition

lāth
A machine for shaping a piece of material, such as wood or metal, by rotating it rapidly along its axis while pressing a fixed cutting or abrading tool against it.
noun
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A machine for shaping an article of wood, metal, etc. by holding and turning it rapidly against the edge of a cutting or abrading tool.
noun
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To shape on a lathe.
verb
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(obsolete) An administrative division of the county of Kent, in England, from the Anglo-Saxon period until it fell entirely out of use in the early twentieth century.
noun
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To cut or shape on a lathe.
verb
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(UK dialectal) To invite; bid; ask.
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A machine tool used to shape a piece of material, or workpiece, by rotating the workpiece against a cutting tool.

He shaped the bedpost by turning it on a lathe.

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The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; a lay, or batten.
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To shape with a lathe.
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(computer graphics) To produce a 3D model by rotating a set of points around a fixed axis.
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
lathe
Plural:
lathes

Origin of lathe

  • Middle English a device used by coopers, perhaps a turning lathe probably of Scandinavian origin

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Middle English lath (“turning-lathe; stand"), from Old Norse hlað (“pile, heap")"”compare dialectal Danish lad (“stand, support frame") (as in drejelad (“turning-lathe"), savelad (“saw bench")), dialectal Norwegian la, lad (“pile, small wall"), dialectal Swedish lad (“folding table, lay of a loom")"”from hlaða (“to load"). More at lade.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle English lathen, from Old English laþian (“to invite, summon, call upon, ask"), from Proto-Germanic *laþōnÄ… (“to invite"), from Proto-Indo-European *lÄ“y- (“to want, desire"). Cognate with German laden (“to invite"), Icelandic laða (“to attract"), Albanian ledhë (“to flatter, spoil, caress").

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle English *lath, from Old English lǣþ (“a division of a county containing several hundreds, a district, lathe").

    From Wiktionary