- To make a final effort regarding (something); bring to a conclusion:
closed the book on her career with a fine performance.
- So as to affect one's feelings or interests:
Her comment hit close to home.
- At a close angle into the direction from which the wind is blowing:
sailing close to the wind.
- nearby; close at hand
- heading as closely as possible in the direction from which the wind is blowing
- barely avoiding what is unlawful
Other Word Forms of Close
Origin of Close
From Middle English closen (“to close, enclose”), partly continuing (in altered form) earlier Middle English clusen ("to close"; from Old English clȳsan (“to close, shut”); compare beclose, forclose, etc.); and partly derived from the Middle English adjective clos (“close, shut up, confined, secret”), from Old French clos (“close, confined”, adjective), from Latin clausus (“shut up”, past participle), from claudere (“to bar, block, close, enclose, bring an end to, confine”), from Proto-Indo-European *klāw- (“key, hook, nail”), related to Latin clāvis (“key, deadbolt, bar”), clāvus (“nail, peg”), claustrum (“bar, bolt, barrier”), claustra (“dam, wall, barricade, stronghold”). Cognate with Ancient Greek κλείς (kleis, “bar, bolt, key”), German schließen (“to close, conclude, lock”), Dutch sluiten (“to close, conclude, lock”). Replaced Old English lūcan (“to close, lock, enclose”).
Middle English clos closed from Old French from Latin clausus past participle of claudere to close V., from Middle English closen from Old French clore clos- from Latin claudere
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
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