An example of there is where that bookcase is located.
- at or in that place: often used as an intensive [Mary there is a good player]: in dialectal or nonstandard use, often placed between a demonstrative pronoun and the noun it modifies [that there hog]
- toward, to, or into that place; thither: go there
- at that point in action, speech, discussion, etc.; then: there I paused
- in that matter, respect, etc.; as to that: there you are wrong
- at the moment; right now: there goes the whistle
Origin of thereMiddle English ther, there, where ; from Old English ther, thær, there, where ; from Indo-European an unverified form tor-, an unverified form ter-, there ; from an unverified form to-, an unverified form tā-, demonstrative base from source that, then
- used to express defiance, dismay, satisfaction, etc.: there, I've done it anyway!
- used to express sympathy, concern, etc. when repeated: there, there! everything will be OK
(not) all there
- At or in that place: sit over there.
- To, into, or toward that place: wouldn't go there again.
- At that stage, moment, or point: Stop there before you make any more mistakes.
- In that matter: I can't agree with him there.
- In a readily accessible or discoverable state: The answer is out there. All we have to do is look for it.
- Used to introduce a clause or sentence: There are numerous items. There must be another exit.
- Used to indicate an unspecified person in direct address: Hello there.
- Used especially for emphasis after the demonstrative pronoun that or those, or after a noun modified by the demonstrative adjective that or those: That person there ought to know the directions to town.
- Nonstandard Used for emphasis between a demonstrative adjective meaning “that” or “those” and a noun: “You see them there handles?” (Cormac McCarthy). “I tell you &ellipsis; that you buried paving-stones and earth in that there coffin” (Charles Dickens).
Origin of thereMiddle English ther, from Old English th&aemac;r, thēr; see to- in Indo-European roots. Usage Note: According to the standard rule, when there precedes a verb such as be, seem, or appear, the verb agrees in number with the following grammatical subject: There is a great Italian deli across the street. There are fabulous wildflowers in the hills. There seems to be a blueberry pie cooking in the kitchen. There seem to be a few trees between the green and me. Nonetheless, it is common in speech for the contraction there's to be used when technically a plural verb is called for, as in There's a couple of good reasons for going. The Usage Panel dislikes this construction, however. In our 1995 survey, 79 percent rejected the sentence There's only three things you need to know about this book. But when there's is followed by a compound subject whose first element is singular, the Panel felt differently. Fifty-six percent accepted the sentence In each of us there's a dreamer and a realist, and an additional 32 percent accepted it in informal usage. The Panel was even more tolerant of the sentence When you get to the stop light, there's a gas station on the left and a grocery store on the right; 58 percent accepted it in formal use, while an additional 37 percent accepted it in informal use. Although this usage would seem to violate the rules of subject and verb agreement, the rule is somewhat weakened by the presence of there as a “dummy subject.”
- (location) In a place or location (stated, implied or otherwise indicated) at some distance from the speaker (compare here).
- (figuratively) In that matter, relation, etc.; at that point, stage, etc., regarded as a distinct place.
- He did not stop there, but continued his speech.
- They patched up their differences, but matters did not end there.
- (location) To or into that place; thither.
- In existence or in this world; see pronoun section below.
- The use of there instead of they're (meaning they are) is a common error in English writing.
- (to or into that place):
- There is sometimes used by way of exclamation, calling attention to something, especially to something distant; as, There, there! See there! Look there!
- There is often used as an expletive, and in this use, when it introduces a sentence or clause, the verb precedes its subject.
- There is much used in composition, and often has the sense of a pronoun. See thereabout, thereafter, therefrom, etc.
- That place.
- That status; that position.
- You get it ready; I'll take it from there.
- Used as an expletive subject of be in its sense of “exist", with the semantic, usually indefinite subject being postponed or (occasionally) implied.
- There are two apples on the table. [=Two apples are on the table.]
- There is no way to do it. [=No way to do it exists.]
- Is there an answer? [=Does an answer exist?]
- No, there isn't. [=No, one doesn't exist.]
- Used with other intransitive verbs of existence, in the same sense, or with other intransitive verbs, adding a sense of existence.
- If x is a positive number, then there exists [=there is] a positive number y less than x.
- There remain several problems with this approach. [=Several problems remain with this approach.]
- Once upon a time, in a now-forgotten kingdom, there lived a woodsman with his wife. [=There was a woodsman, who lived with his wife.]
- There arose a great wind out of the east. [=There was now a great wind, arising in the east.]
- Used with other verbs, when raised.
- There seems to be some difficulty with the papers. [=It seems that there is some difficulty with the papers.]
- I expected there to be a simpler solution. [=I expected that there would be a simpler solution.]
- There are beginning to be complications. [=It's beginning to be the case that there are complications.]
- (in combination with certain prepositions, no longer productive) That.
- therefor, thereat, thereunder
- (colloquial) Used to replace an unknown name, principally in greetings and farewells
- Hi there, young fellow.
- In formal English, the verb agrees with the semantic subject: “there is a tree", “there are some trees", “there seems to be a mistake", “there seem to be some mistakes", and so on. This is because the "there [form of be]" construction originally used, and could still be said to use, "there" as simply an adverb modifying "to be". However, the syntax is archaic enough that "there" is rarely recognized as an adverb. In colloquial usage, therefore, the verb is often found in the third-person singular form, even when the semantic subject is plural "” “there's some trees", “there seems to be some mistakes" "” but this is often considered incorrect.
From Middle English there, ther, thare, thar, thore, from Old English Ã¾Ä“r, Ã¾Ç£r, Ã¾Är (“there; at that place"), from Proto-Germanic *Ã¾ar (“at that place; there"), from Proto-Indo-European *tar- (“there"), from demonstrative pronominal base *to- (“the, that") + adverbial suffix *-r. Cognate with Scots thar, thair (“there"), North Frisian dear, deer, dÃ¤r (“there"), Saterland Frisian deer (“there"), West Frisian dÃªr (“there"), Dutch daar (“there"), Low German dar (“there"), German da, dar- (“there"), Danish der (“there"), Swedish dÃ¤r (“there"), Icelandic Ã¾ar (“in that place, there").