- a cloud or mist of fine liquid particles, as of water from breaking waves
- a jet of fine liquid particles, or mist, as from an atomizer or spray gun
- a device for shooting out such a jet
- any liquid for spraying from such a device
- something likened to a spray of liquid particles: a spray of bullets
Origin of sprayfrom or akin to Middle Dutch spraeien, to spray, akin to German sprühen: see spread
- to direct a spray onto; treat with or subject to a spray
- to direct a spray of onto something
- to shoot out a spray
- to be shot out as a spray
- to mark territory by urinating: said as of a male cat
- a small branch or sprig of a tree or plant, with leaves, berries, flowers, etc.
- a design or ornament like this
Origin of sprayME: for Indo-European base see spark
- a. Water or other liquid moving in a mass of dispersed droplets, as from a wave.b. A moving mass of particles or projectiles: a spray of bullets.
- a. A fine jet of liquid discharged from a pressurized container.b. A pressurized container; an atomizer.c. Any of numerous commercial products, including paints, cosmetics, and insecticides, that are dispensed from containers in this manner.
verbsprayed, spray·ing, sprays
- To disperse (a liquid, for example) in a mass or jet of droplets, particles, or small pieces.
- To apply a spray to (a surface); hit with a spray.
- To discharge sprays of liquid.
- To be directed or dispersed in a spray.
- Zoology To urinate on various objects as a way of marking territory.
Origin of sprayFrom obsolete spray to sprinkle from Middle Dutch sprayen
- A small branch bearing buds, flowers, or berries.
- Something, such as a decorative motif, that resembles such a branch.
Origin of sprayMiddle English from Old English spræg
- A fine, gentle, dispersed mist of liquid.
- The sailor could feel the spray from the waves.
- A small branch of flowers or berries.
- The bridesmaid carried a spray of lily-of-the-valley.
- A collective body of small branches.
- The tree has a beautiful spray.
- A pressurized container; an atomizer.
- Any of numerous commercial products, including paints, cosmetics, and insecticides, that are dispensed from containers in this manner.
- (medicine) A jet of fine medicated vapour, used either as an application to a diseased part or to charge the air of a room with a disinfectant or a deodorizer.
- (metalworking) A side channel or branch of the runner of a flask, made to distribute the metal to all parts of the mold.
- (metalworking) A group of castings made in the same mold and connected by sprues formed in the runner and its branches.
(third-person singular simple present sprays, present participle spraying, simple past and past participle sprayed)
- prays, raspy
From Middle Dutch sprāien, sprayen, spraeyen (“to spray, sprinkle, spread”), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *sprēwijaną (“to spray, sprinkle”), from Proto-Indo-European *sper- (“to sow, scatter”). Cognate with Middle High German spræjen, spræwen (“to squirt, spray, dust, splash, straw”), Danish dialectal språe (“to open up, burst forth”), Swedish dialectal språ (“to sprout, shoot forth, burst”), Norwegian dialectal spra, spræ (“to splash, splatter, spout, burst forth”), Dutch sproeien (“to spray, sprinkle”), German sprühen (“to spray, sparkle”).