- a superintendent; official in charge
- the chief magistrate of a Scottish burgh
- Obs. a jailer
- Eccles. the head of a cathedral chapter or principal church
- the head of any of certain colleges in the British Isles
- in certain American universities, an administrative official dealing chiefly with faculty, curriculum, etc.
Origin of provostMiddle English from Old English profost and Old French provost, both from Medieval Latin propositus, for Classical Latin praepositus, chief, prefect, origin, originally past participle of praeponere, to set before, place first from prae-, before + ponere, to place: see pre- and position