peter definition by Webster's New World
Origin: ; from uncertain or unknown; perhaps
- a masculine name: dim. Pete: equiv. L. Petrus, Fr. Pierre, It. Pietro, Sp. Pedro, Russ. Pyotr
- (original name Simon) (died 64?); one of the twelve Apostles, a fisherman, to whom the Letters of Peter are ascribed: considered the first pope: his day is June 29: also Simon Peter or Saint Peter
- either of the two Letters of Peter: abbrev. Pe, Pet
Origin: Middle English ; from Ecclesiastical Late Latin Petrus ; from Classical Greek Petros (; from petros, stone, petra, rock) used as translated, translation of Aramaic kēphā, rock
- 1672-1725; czar of Russia (1682-1725): called the Great
- 1923-70; king of Yugoslavia (1934-45): son of Alexander I
- 1728-62; czar of Russia (1762): assassinated; succeeded by his wife, Catherine II
peter definition by American Heritage Dictionary
intransitive verb pe·tered, pe·ter·ing, pe·ters
- To diminish slowly and come to an end; dwindle. Often used with out: Their enthusiasm soon petered out.
- To become exhausted. Used with out.
Origin: Origin unknown.
noun Vulgar Slang
Origin: From the name Peter.
noun Bible Abbr. Pet. or Pt or P
, Saint Died c. A.D. 67.
peter - Cultural Definition
Chief among the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, he was a fisherman, originally named Simon (and often called Simon Peter). Jesus gave him the name Rock, of which “Peter” is a translation. Peter showed great faith but also exhibited great failings (see Get thee behind me, Satan). In the frightening hours before the Crucifixion, Peter three times denied being a follower of Jesus, just as Jesus had predicted he would. Nevertheless, Peter went on to become the leader of the early Christians (see also Christian) (see Pentecost), thus fulfilling another prophecy of Jesus, who had said of Peter, “Upon this rock I will build my church᠁ And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven.”
- Peter is often depicted holding keys. Roman Catholics maintain a number of traditions about Peter: that he was the first of the popes, for example, and that he was martyred at Rome by being crucified upside down, because he refused to be crucified as Jesus had been.
- The great church of the Vatican, Saint Peter's Basilica, was later built on what was believed to be the site of his burial.
peter - Phrases/Idioms
rob Peter to pay Paul