An example of to improvise is someone having to give a speech without any notice.
intransitive verbimprovised, improvising
- to compose, or simultaneously compose and perform, on the spur of the moment and without any preparation; extemporize
- to bring about, make, or do on the spur of the moment: to improvise a solution to a problem
- to make, provide, or do with the tools and materials at hand, usually to fill an unforeseen and immediate need: to improvise a bed out of leaves
Origin of improviseFrench improviser ; from Italian improvvisare ; from improvviso, unprepared ; from Classical Latin improvisus, unforeseen ; from in-, not + provisus, past participle of providere, to foresee, anticipate: see provide
verbim·pro·vised, im·pro·vis·ing, im·pro·vis·es
- To make, compose, or perform with little or no preparation: improvise a solution to the problem; improvise variations on a melody.
- To make or provide from available materials: improvised a dinner from what I found in the refrigerator.
- To make, compose, or perform something extemporaneously.
- To make do with whatever materials are at hand: There isn't much in the cabin. We'll just have to improvise.
Origin of improviseFrench improviser, from Italian improvvisare, from improvviso, unforeseen, from Latin imprōvīsus : in-, not; see in–1 + prōvīsus, past participle of prōvidēre, to foresee; see provide.
- im′pro·vis′er, im′pro·vi′sor
(third-person singular simple present improvises, present participle improvising, simple past and past participle improvised)