Amsterdam is a Dutch city.
- of the Netherlands or its people, language, or culture
- ☆ of the Pennsylvania Dutch or their language or culture
Origin of DutchMiddle English Duch ; from Middle Dutch Duutsch, Dutch, German, akin to German Deutsch: see Deutschland
- the people of the Netherlands
- ☆ the Pennsylvania Dutch
- a. Of or relating to the Netherlands or its people or culture.b. Of or relating to the Dutch language.
- Archaic a. German.b. Of or relating to any of the Germanic peoples or languages.
- Of or relating to the Pennsylvania Dutch.
- (used with a pl. verb)a. The people of the Netherlands.b. Archaic A Germanic people.c. The Pennsylvania Dutch.
- a. The official West Germanic language of the Netherlands and one of the official languages of Belgium.b. Archaic One or more of the West Germanic languages of Germany, Switzerland, and the Low Countries.c. See Pennsylvania Dutch.
- Slang Anger or temper.
Origin of DutchMiddle English Duch, German, Dutch, from Middle Dutch Dūtsch; see teutā- in Indo-European roots.
- (slang) wife
Short for duchess
- (obsolete) A German.
From Middle English Duch (“German, Low Countryman”), from Middle Dutch dūtsch, duutsc (modern Duits (“German”)), northern variant of dietsc (compare modern Diets (“Dutch language”)), from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz (compare German Deutsch (“German”), Old English þēodisc (“of the people”)), from Proto-Germanic *þeudō ‘people’, from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂. See also Derrick, Teuton, Teutonic.
Middle Dutch duutsc is the result of i-mutation (umlaut) typical of central dialects (Brabantine) while dietsc shows the merger of iu with io and weakening to [iə] typical of coastal dialects (Flemish). This led to doublets which split in meaning during the Renaissance.