Compounds were denoted by joining the symbols of the components, and by varying the manner of joining compounds of the same elements were distinguished The symbol V was used to denote a liquid, and a vertical line to denote a gas.
From the behaviour of substances on electrolysis he assumed that all substances had two components, one bearing a negative charge, the other a positive charge.
3) by F, and its components parallel to the co-ordinate axes by X and Y, we have X= - ax = M(3 cos' 0 - I), Y= - y = M (3 sin 0 cos 0.
If the angle subtended by the components of a double line be twice that subtended by the wave-length at a distance equal to the horizontal aperture, the central bands are just clear of one another, and there is a line of absolute blackness in the middle of the combined images.
To find component forces equal to the composite or resultant force, the sum of the components must equal the resultant.