collective[kə lek′ tiv]
- The definition of collective is a group of people working together toward a common goal or in an organization.
An example of collective used as an adjective is a collective art project, a group of artists working together on a mural.
- formed by collecting; gathered into a whole
- of, as, or characteristic of a group; of or by all or many of the individuals in a group acting together: the collective effort of the students
- designating or of any enterprise in which people work together as a group, esp. under a system of collectivism: a collective farm
- designating a noun which is singular in form but denotes a collection of individuals (e.g., army, orchestra, crowd): it is treated as singular when the collection is thought of as a whole and as plural when the individual members are thought of as acting separately
- designating a prefix which denotes a collecting or a collection
Origin of collectiveMiddle English and amp; Old French collectif ; from Classical Latin collectivus
- any collective enterprise; specif., a collective farm
- the people working in such an enterprise
- Gram. a collective noun
- Assembled into or viewed as a whole.
- Of, relating to, characteristic of, or made by a number of people acting as a group: a collective decision.
- An undertaking, such as a business operation, set up on the principles or system of collectivism.
- A collective noun.
- Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the collective body of a nation.
- (grammar) Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form; as, a collective name or noun, like assembly, army, jury, etc.
- Tending to collect; forming a collection.
- Having plurality of origin or authority; as, in diplomacy, a note signed by the representatives of several governments is called a collective note.
From Middle French collectif, from Latin collectivus, from collectus, past participle of colligere (“to collect”), from com- (“together”) + legere (“to gather”). Compare French collectif.