Surplus meaning

sûr'pləs, -plŭs'
A quantity or amount over and above what is needed or used; something left over; excess.
noun
10
1
Being more than or in excess of what is needed or required.

Surplus grain.

adjective
3
1
Designating or of commodities (specif., certain excess farm products) bought, stored, distributed, etc. by the government under the Federal price-support program.
adjective
2
1
An amount or quantity in excess of what is needed.
noun
0
1
Forming a surplus; excess; extra.
adjective
0
1
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That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
noun
0
1
Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
noun
0
1
(law) The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
noun
0
1
(law) Assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.
noun
0
1
Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words.
adjective
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1
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The definition of surplus is something that is in excess of what you need.

An example of surplus goods are items you do not need and have no use for.

An example of surplus cash is money left over after you have paid all of your bills.

adjective
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2
Surplus is defined as an excess of something, or an amount remaining once the demand for the item has been met.

An example of a surplus is when there is still grain remaining after all grain orders have been filled for the year.

noun
0
2

Origin of surplus

  • Middle English an excess, surplus from Old French an excess from Medieval Latin superplūs Latin super- super- Latin plūs more pelə-1 in Indo-European roots
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • French surplus
    From Wiktionary