From Middle English need, nede, partly from Old English nÄ«ed, nÄ“ad (“necessity, inevitableness, need, urgent requirement, compulsion, duty; errand, business; difficulty, hardship, distress, trouble, pain; violence, force"), from Proto-Germanic *naudiz, *nauÃ¾iz (“need, trouble, force, distress, compulsion, fate, destiny"), from Proto-Indo-European *nAut- (“torment, misfortune"), from Proto-Indo-European *nÄw- (“the dead, corpse"); and partly from Old English nÄ“od (“desire, longing; zeal, eagerness, diligence, earnestness, earnest endeavor; pleasure, delight"), from Proto-Germanic *neudÅ, *neudaz (“wish, urge, desire, longing"), from Proto-Indo-European *new- (“to incline, tend, move, push, nod, wave"). Cognate with Scots nede (“need"), North Frisian nud (“hardship, danger, fear, self-defense, compulsion, control"), West Frisian need (“need"), Dutch nood (“need, want, distress, peril"), Low German noot (“need"), German Not (“need, distress, necessity, hardship"), Danish nÃ¸d (“distress, need, necessity"), Swedish nÃ¶d (“distress, need, necessity, want"), Icelandic neyÃ°, nauÃ° (“distress, emergency, need"), North Frisian njoe (“requirement, foredeal, benefit, convenience"), Middle Low German nÃ¼t (“desire, need, longing"), Middle High German niet (“longing, desire, eagerness, zeal"), German niedlich (“desirable, appealing, lovely, cute"). More at needly. Old norse nauÃ°(r) ("powerty,distress, lack of")
(third-person singular simple present needs, present participle needing, simple past and past participle needed)
- To have an absolute requirement for.
- Living things need water to survive.
- To want strongly; to feel that one must have something.
- After ten days of hiking, I needed a shower and a shave.
- (modal verb) To be obliged or required (to do something).
- You need not go if you don't want to.
- (intransitive) To be required; to be necessary.
From Middle English neden, from Old English nÄ“odian.