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A lack of something; a dearth; barrenness; insufficiency.
From French pénurie (“dearth, lack"), from Latin penuria (“want").
Middle English penurie from Latin pēnūria want
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
The result of his experiments was that he found himself completely impoverished, and lived in penury for the remainder of his life.
It's these people who are likely to face penury in old age.
He soon rose from penury to ease, and married a painter's beautiful daughter, Maria Vagini; she died after seven years of wedded life.
As the war went on the naval power of the Greeks diminished, partly owing to the penury of their treasury, and partly to the growth of piracy in the general anarchy of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Despite extreme penury, he then continued to study indefatigably ancient and modern languages, history and literature, finally turning his attention to mathematics and astronomy.
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