Spare Definition

spâr
spared, sparer, spares, sparest, sparing
verb
spared, spares, sparing
To refrain from harming, injuring, destroying, or killing.
The general spared the city from a bombardment.
American Heritage
To practice close economy; be frugal or sparing.
Webster's New World
To treat with mercy or leniency; refrain from killing, injuring, troubling, or distressing; save.
Webster's New World
To leave undamaged or unharmed.
The oldest trees in the forest were spared from the fire.
American Heritage
To be merciful or restrained, as in punishing.
Webster's New World
Antonyms:
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adjective
sparer, sparest
Kept in reserve.
Spare parts.
American Heritage
Not in regular use or immediately needed; extra.
A spare room, a spare tire.
Webster's New World
Not taken up by regular work or duties; free.
Spare time.
Webster's New World
Free for other use; unoccupied.
Spare time.
American Heritage
Frugal; meager; scanty.
To live on spare rations.
Webster's New World
Antonyms:
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noun
spares
A replacement, especially a tire, reserved for future need.
American Heritage
A spare, or extra, part, thing, etc.
Webster's New World
The act of knocking down all the pins with two consecutive rolls of the ball.
Webster's New World
A score so made.
Webster's New World

The act of sparing; moderation; restraint.

Wiktionary
Synonyms:
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idiom
to spare
  • In addition to what is needed:

    We paid our bills and had money to spare.

American Heritage
something to spare
  • a surplus of something
Webster's New World

Other Word Forms of Spare

Noun

Singular:
spare
Plural:
spares

Adjective

Base Form:
spare
Comparative:
sparer
Superlative:
sparest

Idioms, Phrasal Verbs Related to Spare

Origin of Spare

  • From Middle English sparen, sparien, from Old English sparian (“to spare, show mercy to, refrain from injuring or destroying"), from Proto-Germanic *sparōnÄ…, *sparjanÄ… (“to save, keep, spare"), from Proto-Indo-European *sper- (“to be productive, earn"). Cognate with Scots spar, spare, spair (“to spare"), West Frisian sparje (“to save, spare"), Dutch sparen (“to save, spare"), German sparen (“to save, conserve, economise"), Swedish spara (“to save, save up"), Icelandic spara (“to save, conserve").

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle English spare, spar, from Old English spær (“sparing, scant"), from Proto-Germanic *sparaz (compare Dutch spaarzaam, German sparsam, German spärlich, Swedish sparsam, Icelandic sparr (“sparing")), from Proto-Indo-European *sper- (cf. Latin prosper "˜lucky', Old Church Slavonic sporÅ­ "˜plentiful', Albanian shperr "˜to earn money', Persian سپار (sepār) "˜entrust; deposit', Ancient Greek sparnós "˜rare', Sanskrit sphirá "˜thick').

    From Wiktionary

  • Middle English sparen from Old English sparian

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

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