- Deprived of the power to feel or move normally; benumbed: toes numb with cold; too numb with fear to cry out.
- Emotionally unresponsive; indifferent: numb to yet another appeal.
tr. & intr.v.numbed, numb·ing, numbs
To make or become numb.
Origin of numb
Middle English nome variant of nomin past participle of nimen to seize from
Old English niman
; see nem-
in Indo-European roots.
Related Forms:Word History:
Old English had a number of strong verbs (often loosely called “irregular” verbs) that did not survive into Modern English. One such was the verb niman,
“to take,” later replaced by take,
a borrowing from Old Norse. The verb had a past tense nam
and a past participle numen;
if the verb had survived, it would likely have become nim, nam, num,
like swim, swam, swum.
Although we do not have the verb as such anymore, its past participle is alive and well, now spelled numb,
literally “taken, seized,” as by cold or grief. (The older spelling without the b
is still seen in the compound numskull.
) The verb also lives on indirectly in the word nimble,
which used to mean “quick to take,” and then later “light, quick on one's feet.”
(comparative number, superlative numbest)
- Without the power of sensation and motion or feeling; insensible.
- Not able to react, surprised, shocked.
- Causing numbness.
(third-person singular simple present numbs, present participle numbing, simple past and past participle numbed)
- To cause to become numb.
- The dentist gave me novocaine to numb my tooth before drilling, thank goodness.
From the past participle of nim.