Origin of Stun
From Middle English stunien, stonien, stounien, from Old English stunian (“to crash, make a loud sound, resound, roar, strike with a loud sound, dash, impinge, knock, confound, astonish, stupefy"), from Proto-Germanic *stunōnÄ…, *stunjanÄ… (“to sound, crash, bang, groan"), from Proto-Germanic *stenanÄ… (“to moan, shout"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tona-, *(s)tena- (“to thunder, roar, groan"). Cognate with Middle Low German stonen (“to groan"), Middle High German stunen, stunden (“to drive, push, knock, strike"), Swedish stöna (“to moan, groan"), Icelandic stynja (“to moan"). Related also to Dutch stenen (“to groan"), German stöhnen (“to groan, moan"), German staunen (“to be astonished, be amazed, marvel at"). See also Occitan estonar, Old French estoner.
Middle English stonen Old French estoner from Vulgar Latin extonāre Latin ex- ex- Latin tonāre to thunder (s)tenə- in Indo-European roots
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
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