- the impact of persons, forces, etc. in combat or collision
- a sudden, powerful concussion; violent blow, shake, or jar: the shock of an earthquake
- the result or effect of such concussion
- any sudden disturbance or agitation of the mind or emotions, as through great loss or surprise
- something causing this
- an extreme stimulation of the nerves, muscles, etc. accompanying the passage of electric current through the body
- shock absorber
- Med. a disorder resulting from ineffective circulation of the blood, produced by hemorrhage, severe infection, disturbance of heart function, etc., and characterized by a marked decrease in blood pressure, a weak, rapid pulse, decreased kidney function, etc.
Origin of shockFrench choc from choquer: see shockthe transitive verb
- to disturb the mind or emotions of; affect with great surprise, distress, disgust, etc.
- to affect with physical shock
- to produce electrical shock in (a body)
Origin of shockMFr choquer, prob. < MDu schokken, to collide < IE *skeug-, to push, shoot, var. of base *skeub(h)-, shove
- Archaic to come together violently; collide
- to be shocked, distressed, disgusted, etc.: she doesn't shock easily