- The power wielded by a government over its subjects,
their property, and the land and natural resources within its
court’s authority over persons or property brought before or appearing before
geographical area within which a government’s or a court’s power may be
The authority of a court to decide secondary or subsidiary
claims raised by a case properly before it.
An appeals court’s power of review of the decisions of
The overlapping jurisdiction of two or more courts over
the same cause of action.
The sole court or forum in which an action may be heard or
tried, as no other courts or tribunals have authority over the person or the
federal question jurisdiction
The authority of the federal district courts to
try cases that raise an issue of federal or constitutional law.
in personam jurisdiction
The court’s authority over an individual who
resides or is found within the court’s geographical area.
in rem jurisdiction
The court’s authority to adjudicate rights in real or
personal property located within the court’s geographical area.
The minimum or maximum amount to invoke a particular court’s
jurisdiction over the matter; in some lower courts, e.g., small claims court,
there may be a limitation above which relief must be sought in a higher court;
in federal court, a minimum amount in controversy is required in certain cases,
e.g., diversity cases.
Jurisdiction over only certain types of cases, or claims
under certain financial limits or subject to other restrictions.
A court’s status as the first court that has authority to
hear a particular claim.
A court’s authority over claims that would not ordinarily
be brought before it, but that are secondary or subsidiary to claims properly
subject matter jurisdiction
A court’s authority over particular types of cases
or of relief.