Grain meaning

grān
The pattern produced, as in stone, by the arrangement of particulate constituents.
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The definition of a grain is a tiny hard seed from a cereal grass, or a tiny piece of amount of something.

An example of a grain is a piece of a wheat berry.

An example of a grain is an extremely tiny piece of sand.

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A painted, stamped, or printed design that imitates the pattern found in wood, leather, or stone.
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A state of fine crystallization.
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The relative size of the particles composing a substance or pattern.

A coarse grain.

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(countable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams (0.002285714 avoirdupois ounce). A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
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(archaic) Color; tint.
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A tine, prong, or fork.
  • One of the branches of a valley or river.
  • An iron fish spear or harpoon, with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
  • A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
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To give a granular or rough texture to.
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To remove the hair or fur from (hides) in preparation for tanning.
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The smallest unit in the system of weights used in the U.S., Great Britain, and Canada, equal to .0648 gram: one pound avoirdupois equals 7,000 grains; one pound troy or apothecaries' weight equals 5,760 grains.
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To paint or otherwise finish (a surface) in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.
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To form grains.
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A small particle of something, such as salt, pollen, or sand.
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A unit of weight in the US Customary System, equal to2 /1000 of an ounce (0.07 gram).
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One element. A tiny part of a larger system. See granularity.
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(uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.

We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.

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(uncountable) Similar seeds from any food crop, eg buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa.
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(countable) A single seed of grain.

A grain of wheat.

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(countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.

The fields were planted with grain.

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(uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.

Cut along the grain of the wood.

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(countable) A single particle of a substance.

A grain of sand.

A grain of salt.

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(countable) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to 14 "carat" (karat).
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(materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
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A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.
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The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.

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(in the plural) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
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(botany) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock.
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Temper; natural disposition; inclination.
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To feed grain to.
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To make granular; to form into grains.
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(intransitive) To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
verb
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To texture a surface in imitation of the grain of a substance such as wood.
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(tanning) To remove the hair or fat from a skin.
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(tanning) To soften leather.
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To yield fruit.

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A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.

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(founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mould to steady a core.
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(aerospace) A mass of solid propellant.
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A unit of weight in the US Customary System, an avoirdupois unit equal to 0.002285 ounce (0.065 gram).
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The arrangement, direction, or pattern of the fibrous tissue in wood.
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The direction or texture of fibers in a woven fabric.
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To cause to form into grains; granulate.
verb
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To paint, stamp, or print with a design imitating the grain of wood, leather, or stone.
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To form grains.
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A small, hard seed or seedlike fruit, esp. that of any cereal plant, as wheat, rice, corn, rye, etc.
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A tiny bit; slightest amount.

A grain of sense.

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To form into grains; granulate.
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against the grain
  • Contrary to custom, one's inclination, or good sense.
idiom
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with a grain of salt
  • With reservations; skeptically:
    Take that advice with a grain of salt.
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against the grain
  • contrary to one's feelings or wishes, to prevailing trends or attitudes, etc.
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Origin of grain

  • Middle English from Old French graine from Latin grānum gr̥ə-no- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Old French grain, grein, from Latin grānum (“seed”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm (“grain”). Compare English corn.

    From Wiktionary

  • See groin (“part of the body”).

    From Wiktionary