Gothic meaning

gŏth'ĭk
The definition of gothic is related to medieval style or the horror and mystery depicted in fiction about the 18th and 19th centuries.

An example of a gothic structure is the Reims Cathedral in France.

An example of gothic style is dark makeup, dark clothes and hair dyed black.

adjective
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Designating or of a type of romance set typically in the 18th or 19th cent. and relating the melodramatic adventures of the heroine.
adjective
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Barbarous, rude, unpolished, belonging to the "Dark Ages", medieval as opposed to classical.

"Enormities which gleam like comets through the darkness of gothic and superstitious ages." (Percy Bysshe Shelley in a 1812 letter, Prose Works (1888) II.384, cited after OED)

adjective
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Gothic is defined as an East Germanic language, or an architecture style of the 12th through 16th centuries.

An example of gothic is the Reims Cathedral in France.

noun
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Of or relating to the style of fictional writing associated with the Gothic revival, emphasizing violent or macabre events in a mysterious, desolate setting.
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(typography) In England, of the name of type formerly used to print German, also known as black letter.
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(typography) In the USA, of a sans serif typeface using straight, even-width lines, also called grotesque.
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Of or relating to the goth subculture or lifestyle.

Why is this gothic glam so popular? (New Musical Express 24 December 1983, cited after OED)

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A novel written in the Gothic style.
noun
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The East Germanic language of the Goths.
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Gothic style, esp. in architecture.
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Alternative capitalization of Gothic.
adjective
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An extinct Germanic language, once spoken by the Goths.
pronoun
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Of or relating to the Goths.
adjective
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Of or relating to the architectural style favored in western Europe in the 12th to 16th centuries.
adjective
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Of or relating to painting, sculpture, or other art forms prevalent in northern Europe from the 12th through the 15th century.
adjective
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Barbarous; crude.
adjective
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The extinct East Germanic language of the Goths.
noun
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Gothic art or architecture.
noun
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A novel in a style emphasizing the grotesque, mysterious, and desolate.
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Of the Goths or their language or culture.
adjective
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Designating, of, or related to a style of architecture developed in W Europe between the 12th and 16th cent. and characterized by the use of ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, pointed arches, steep, high roofs, etc.
adjective
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Of or relating to the Middle Ages; medieval.
adjective
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Of or having to do with a type of fiction orig. and esp. of the late 18th and early 19th cent. using remote (and, orig., medieval) settings and a sinister, eerie atmosphere to suggest horror and mystery.
adjective
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Of or relating to a style of fiction that emphasizes the grotesque, mysterious, and desolate.
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Origin of gothic

  • The various usages of the adjective are introduced nearly simultaneously in the first half of the 17th century. The literal meaning "of the Goths" is found in the 1611 preface of the King James Bible, in reference to the Gothicke tongue. The generalized meaning of "Germanic, Teutonic" appears in the 1640s. Reference to the medieval period in Western Europe, and specifically the architecture of that period, also appears in the 1640s, as does reference to "Gothic characters" or "Gothic letters" in typography.
    From Wiktionary
  • Goth +‎ -ic, English from the 17th century, ad Latin gothicus.
    From Wiktionary