Battery definition

bătə-rē
Frequency:
A group of similar things arranged, connected, or used together; set or series; array.

A battery of microphones, a battery of school achievement tests.

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The act of battering, beating, or pounding.
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The act of beating or pounding.
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The definition of a battery is a man-made power cell used to generate electrical energy.
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(baseball) A pitcher and catcher considered as a unit.
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(music) The percussion section of an orchestra.
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(law) The unlawful and unwanted touching or striking of one person by another, with the intention of bringing about a harmful or offensive contact.
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An emplacement for one or more pieces of artillery.
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A set of guns or other heavy artillery, as on a warship.
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An army artillery unit, corresponding to a company in the infantry.
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An array of similar things intended for use together.

Took a battery of achievement tests.

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An impressive body or group.

A battery of political supporters.

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Machinery used in battering.
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(chiefly brit.) A series of cages or other restrictive compartments used as to confine hens for intensive laying.
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(law) Any illegal beating or touching of another person, either directly or with an object.
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(u.s. navy) A group of guns of the same caliber or used for the same purpose on a warship.

An antiaircraft battery.

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(music) The percussion instruments of an orchestra.
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A connected group of electrochemical cells that store electric charges and generate direct current.
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A single cell of this type.
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A similar nuclear, solar, or thermal device that stores and generates electrical energy.
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An emplacement for heavy guns or a fortification equipped with such guns.
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A set of heavy guns, rockets, etc.
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The personnel who operate such guns: usually the basic unit of artillery, corresponding to an infantry company.
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A device containing an electric cell or a series of electric cells storing energy that can be converted into electrical power (usually in the form of direct current). Common household batteries, such as those used in a flashlight, are usually made of dry cells (the chemicals producing the current are made into a paste). In other batteries, such as car batteries, these chemicals are in liquid form.
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A storage device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. Used by the billions each year from tiny hearing aid batteries to units that some day may be 40 feet long (see illustration below), the battery is constructed of positive and negative metal electrodes. When the two electrodes are connected together by a circuit on the outside, a chemical reaction is created inside, and electrons flow from the negative electrode through an electrolyte to the positive electrode creating a voltage difference. The electrolyte material prevents the electrons from flowing until the circuit is completed on the outside.The First BatteryAlessandro Volta invented the first battery in 1800 to sustain an electric current. His "voltaic pile" was a stack of cells, each containing a brine-soaked cloth sandwiched between zinc and copper discs. He got the idea from Luigi Galvani, who in the late 1700s generated current from two dissimilar metals joined together by a frog's muscle. Over time, there has been progress! See batteries.
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The harmful or offensive touching of any part of another person’s body or of something, such as clothing or carried umbrella, that is so closely attached to the person that it is customarily regarded as part of the person. The touching may be in anger or a result of some other intentional wrong. Any amount of touching is considered a battery, even if harmless, if it is offensive to the person who is touched. See also assault and mayhem.
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The forced penetration of or contact with another person’s or the perpetrator’s sexual organs. See also rape.
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A coordinated group of artillery.
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An array of similar things.

Schoolchildren take a battery of standard tests to measure their progress.

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A set of small cages where hens are kept for the purpose of farming their eggs.
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(baseball) The catcher and the pitcher together.
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(chess) Two or more major pieces on the same rank, file, or diagonal.
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The state of a firearm when it is possible to be fired.
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The battery can be traced back to the nineteenth century, with the invention of the first Voltaic pile by Alessandro Volta.
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A battery will leak when the battery gets too hot, expanding the paste inside the battery, which forces the chemicals in the battery to leak out of the seals of the battery.
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Batteries may also leak if you mix the two types of batteries - standard batteries and alkaline batteries.

An example of a battery is the large, square, power unit housed near the engine of modern cars.

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A battery is defined as a group of military artillery such as heavy guns or rockets.

An example of a battery is a collection of cannons attacking the same target.

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A park at the southern tip of Manhattan Island at the upper end of New York Bay in southeast New York. It is the site of early Dutch and English fortifications and of Castle Clinton, built in 1808 for the defense of the harbor.
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(baseball) The pitcher and the catcher.
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A battery with no accompanying aggravated circumstances and not resulting in serious bodily injury.
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A connected group of (one or more) electrochemical cells that store electric charges and generate direct current (DC) through the conversion of chemical energy into electrical energy. See also common battery, DC, electricity, energy, and local battery.
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A device that produces electricity by a chemical reaction between two substances .
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(law) The crime or tort of intentionally striking another person.
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(electricity) A device containing an electric cell or a series of electric cells storing chemical energy that can be converted into electrical power, usually in the form of direct current.
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in battery
  • in firing position after recovery from the recoil of a previous discharge
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the Battery
  • a park in New York City, at the S tip of Manhattan: 21 acres
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
battery
Plural:
batteries

Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

in battery
the Battery

Origin of battery

  • Middle English batri forged metal ware from Old French baterie a beating from batre to batter batter1

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle French batterie, from Old French baterie (“action of beating”), from batre (“battre”), from Latin battuō (“beat”).

    From Wiktionary