Abdicate meaning

ăbdĭ-kāt
The definition of abdicate means to formally and/or publicly give up a position of power or a responsibility, usually by choice.

An example of abdicate is a king choosing to no longer be king.

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To relinquish formally a high office or responsibility.
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To relinquish (power or responsibility) formally.
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To give up formally (a high office, throne, authority, etc.)
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To surrender or repudiate (a right, responsibility, etc.)
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To surrender, renounce or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy; to fail to fulfill responsibility for. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]

Note: The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James II, to abandon without a formal surrender.

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(intransitive) To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity; to renounce sovereignty. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
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Origin of abdicate

  • Latin abdicāre abdicāt- to disclaim ab- away ab–1 dicāre to proclaim deik- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Latin abdicātus (“renounced”), perfect passive participle of abdicō (“renounce, reject, disclaim”), formed from ab (“away”) + dicō (“proclaim, dedicate, declare”), akin to dīcō (“say”).

    From Wiktionary

  • First attested in 1541.

    From Wiktionary