- Victual is food prepared to be eaten.
A piece of meat that has been cooked in order to be eaten is an example ofvictual.
- Victual is defined as to obtain food, provide with food or eat.
When you prepare food and provide someone with it, this act is an example ofvictual.
- Now Chiefly Dial. food or other provisions
- [pl.]Informal, Dial. articles of food, esp. when prepared for use
Origin of victualMiddle English vitaille, provisions from Middle French from Late Latin victualia, provisions from Classical Latin victualis, of food from victus, food from past participle of vivere, to live: see bio-
transitive verb-·ualed or -·ualled, -·ual·ing or -·ual·ling
- to eat or feed
- to lay in a supply of food
- Food fit for human consumption.
- victuals Food supplies; provisions.
verbvict·ualed, vict·ual·ing, vict·uals, or vict·ualled vict·ual·ling
- To lay in food supplies.
- To eat.
Origin of victualAlteration ( influenced by Late Latin vīctuālia provisions ) of Middle English vitaille from Old French from Late Latin vīctuālia provisions from neuter pl. of Latin vīctuālis of nourishment from vīctus nourishment from past participle of vīvere to live ; see gwei- in Indo-European roots.
Usage Note: Victual is properly pronounced (vĭt′l), with two syllables and no (k) sound. It was borrowed in the 1300s from the Old French form vitaille, which had stress and a diphthong in the second syllable, but the word was Anglicized after that to put the stress up front in the manner of most native English words. The spelling with c (and a little later with u ) has a long history too, in both French and English. This spelling is a learned one, showing off the knowledge that the word came from Late Latin victuālia, “provisions.” The word is now usually spelled victual, or on occasion vittle, but the pronunciation has remained (vĭt′l).
(third-person singular simple present victuals, present participle victualing or victualling, simple past and past participle victualed or victualled)
Middle English vitaille, from Late Latin victualia (“provisions"), from victus (“nourishment"), from vÄ«vÅ (“live, survive").