The judges were not so by profession; they were merely members of the official class (chinovniks), the prejudices and vices of which they shared.
Such public virtues at first counterbalanced his private vices in the eyes of the people.
His vices were rather of the sordid than of the satanic order.
His utter failure was due, partly to the vices of an undisciplined temperament, and partly to the extraordinary difficulties of the most inscrutable period of European history, when the shrewdest heads were at fault and irreparable blunders belonged to the order of the day.
Beside these works Ranch wrote a famous moralizing poem, entitled " A new song, of the nature and song of certain birds, in which many vices are punished, and many virtues praised."