- a short, tightfitting, sleeveless garment worn, esp. under a suit coat, by men
- a similar garment worn by women
- an insert or trimming worn under the bodice by women, simulating the front of a man's vest
- a calf-length, cassocklike garment worn by men in the time of Charles II
- Rare any long robe
- a girl's undershirt
- Chiefly Brit. any undershirt
- Obs. vesture; clothing
Origin of vestFrench veste from Italian from Classical Latin vestis, garment from Indo-European base an unverified form wes-, to clothe from source Old English werian, to wear
- to dress, as in church vestments; clothe
- to place (authority, power, property rights, pension rights, etc.) in the control of a person or group (with in)
- to put (a person) in possession or control of, as power or authority; invest (with something)
Origin of vestME vesten < OFr vestir < L vestire < the n.
- to put on garments or vestments; clothe oneself
- to pass to a person; become vested (in a person), as property
play (it) close to the vest
Origin of vestin allusion to the way a card player holds a hand of cards so they cannot be seen by others
- to be reserved, secretive, etc.; keep (one's plans, thoughts, etc.) to oneself
- to take no risks; be cautious, conservative, etc.
- A sleeveless garment, often having buttons down the front, worn usually over a shirt or blouse and sometimes as part of a three-piece suit.
- A waist-length, sleeveless garment worn for protection: a warm down vest; a bulletproof vest.
- A fabric trim worn to fill in the neckline of a woman's garment; a vestee.
- Chiefly British An undershirt.
- Obsolete An ecclesiastical vestment.
verbvest·ed, vest·ing, vests
- To place (authority, property, or rights, for example) in the control of a person or group, especially to give someone an immediate right to present or future possession or enjoyment of (an estate, for example). Used with in : vested his estate in his daughter.
- To invest or endow (a person or group) with something, such as power or rights. Used with with : vested the council with broad powers; vests its employees with full pension rights after five years of service.
- To clothe or robe, as in ecclesiastical vestments.
- To become legally vested: stock options that vest after the second year of employment.
- To dress oneself, especially in ecclesiastical vestments.
Origin of vestFrench veste robe from Italian vesta from Latin vestis garment ; see wes-2 in Indo-European roots.
- (now rare) A loose robe or outer garment worn historically by men in Arabic or Middle Eastern countries.
- (now North America) A sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, worn over a shirt, and often as part of a suit; a waistcoat.
- (UK) A sleeveless garment, often with a low-cut neck, usually worn under a shirt or blouse.
- A sleeveless top, typically with identifying colours or logos, worn by an athlete or member of a sports team.
- Any sleeveless outer garment, often for a purpose such as identification, safety, or storage.
- A vestment.
- Clothing generally; array; garb.
- (sleeveless outergarment): safety vest, scrimmage vest, fishing vest
(third-person singular simple present vests, present participle vesting, simple past and past participle vested)
- To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.
- To clothe with authority, power, etc.; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; followed by with and the thing conferred.
- to vest a court with power to try cases of life and death
- To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; with in before the possessor.
- The power of life and death is vested in the king, or in the courts.
- (law) To clothe with possession; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of.
- to vest a person with an estate
- an estate is vested in possession
- (commonly used of financial arrangements) To become vested, to become permanent.
- My pension vests at the end of the month and then I can take it with me when I quit.