Vest meaning

vĕst
A sleeveless garment, often having buttons down the front, worn usually over a shirt or blouse and sometimes as part of a three-piece suit.
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(obsolete) An ecclesiastical vestment.
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A waist-length, sleeveless garment worn for protection.

A warm down vest; a bulletproof vest.

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(chiefly british) An undershirt.
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To place (authority, property, or rights, for example) in the control of a person or group, especially to give someone an immediate right to present or future possession or enjoyment of (an estate, for example). Used with in .

Vested his estate in his daughter.

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To invest or endow (a person or group) with something, such as power or rights. Used with with .

Vested the council with broad powers; vests its employees with full pension rights after five years of service.

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To clothe or robe, as in ecclesiastical vestments.
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To become legally vested.

Stock options that vest after the second year of employment.

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To dress oneself, especially in ecclesiastical vestments.
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(obs.) Vesture; clothing.
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To dress, as in church vestments; clothe.
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To place (authority, power, property rights, pension rights, etc.) in the control of a person or group (with in)
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To put (a person) in possession or control of, as power or authority; invest (with something)
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To put on garments or vestments; clothe oneself.
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To pass to a person; become vested (in a person), as property.
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(now rare) A loose robe or outer garment worn historically by men in Arabic or Middle Eastern countries.
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(now North America) A sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, worn over a shirt, and often as part of a suit; a waistcoat.
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(UK) A sleeveless garment, often with a low-cut neck, usually worn under a shirt or blouse.
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A sleeveless top, typically with identifying colours or logos, worn by an athlete or member of a sports team.
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Any sleeveless outer garment, often for a purpose such as identification, safety, or storage.
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Clothing generally; array; garb.
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(sleeveless outergarment): safety vest, scrimmage vest, fishing vest.
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To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.
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To clothe with authority, power, etc.; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; followed by with and the thing conferred.

To vest a court with power to try cases of life and death.

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To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; with in before the possessor.

The power of life and death is vested in the king, or in the courts.

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(law) To clothe with possession; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of.

To vest a person with an estate.

An estate is vested in possession.

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(commonly used of financial arrangements) To become vested, to become permanent.

My pension vests at the end of the month and then I can take it with me when I quit.

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A fabric trim worn to fill in the neckline of a woman's garment; a vestee.
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play (it) close to the vest
  • to be reserved, secretive, etc.; keep (one's plans, thoughts, etc.) to oneself
  • to take no risks; be cautious, conservative, etc.
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Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

play (it) close to the vest

Origin of vest

  • French veste robe from Italian vesta from Latin vestis garment wes-2 in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From French veste (“a vest, jacket"), from Latin vestis (“a garment, gown, robe, vestment, clothing, vesture").

    From Wiktionary