Before him they were resisted and often crushed; after him they were exploited, oppressed, and finally destroyed.
They were long greatly oppressed by the Dutch government, and in 1740 they were massacred to the number of 12,000.
It was not difficult to revolt the oppressed population by the promise of deliverance from their yoke.
Withal there was no noise or confusion to mar the tranquillity of their intercourse; no one usurped more than his share of the conversation; the stillness of the place oppressed a stranger with a feeling of mysterious awe.
His wars and his extravagance exhausted his treasury, and he oppressed his subjects by taxes.