The sheriff enforces the law in his jurisdiction.
An example of jurisdiction is a court having control over legal decisions made about a certain group of towns.
- the administering of justice; authority or legal power to hear and decide cases
- authority or power in general
- a sphere of authority
- the territorial range of authority
- a law court or system of law courts
Origin of jurisdictionMiddle English jurisdiccioun, altered (infl. by L) from Old French juridiction from Classical Latin jurisdictio, administration of the law from jus (gen. juris), law + dictio: see jury and diction
- Law The right of a court to hear a particular case, based on the scope of its authority over the type of case and the parties to the case.
- a. Authority or control: islands under US jurisdiction; a bureau with jurisdiction over Native American affairs.b. The extent of authority or control: a family matter beyond the school's jurisdiction.
- The territorial range of authority or control.
Origin of jurisdictionMiddle English jurisdiccioun from Old French juridicion from Latin iūrisdictiō iūrisdictiōn- iūris genitive of iūs law ; see yewes- in Indo-European roots. dictiō dictiōn- declaration ( from dictus ) ( past participle of dīcere to say ; see deik- in Indo-European roots.)
jurisdiction - Computer Definition
Jurisdiction and power accorded to judges are intimately related. Power is constitutionally conferred on a judge to decide whether there has been a breach of law, the causes of the breach, and the kind of prison sentence or penalty that is appropriate for such a breach. The physical land area or geographical district within which a judge has jurisdiction is called his or her “territory.” Thus, a judge’s power relative to the territory is called “the territorial jurisdiction.” Judges have power only in their jurisdictions, and the decisions of judges in upper courts preside over decisions of judges in inferior courts.
The ’Lectric Law Library. The ’Lectric Law Library’s Lexicon On Jurisdiction. [Online, 2004.] The ’Lectric Law Library Website: http://www.lectlaw.com/def/ j013.htm.
jurisdiction - Legal Definition
- The power wielded by a government over its subjects, their property, and the land and natural resources within its boundaries.
- A court’s authority over persons or property brought before or appearing before it.
- The geographical area within which a government’s or a court’s power may be applied.