An example of a civil law is one allowing everyone the freedom to own property.
- the body of codified law developed from Roman law and still in force in many European and American nations
- the body of law that an individual nation or state has established for itself
- the body of law having to do with the private rights of individuals
- a. The body of law of a state or nation governing the behavior of individuals and corporations.b. The law determining private rights and liabilities, as opposed to criminal law and other public law.
- The law of ancient Rome as embodied in the Justinian code, especially that which applied to private citizens.
- A system of law having its origin in Roman law, as opposed to common law or canon law.
(plural civil laws)
- (law) Roman law based on the Corpus Juris Civilis; it contrasts with common law.
- (law) The body of law dealing with the private relations between members of a community; it contrasts with criminal law, military law and ecclesiastical law.
- attributive form of civil law
- civil-law country
civil law - Legal Definition
- A legal system derived from Roman law and based on fixed rules and statutes rather than on a court’s interpretation of broad principles. Prominent in continental Europe, Latin America, Scotland, Quebec, and Louisiana. See also common law and natural law.
- The law pertaining to civil or private rights and duties rather than to matters arising under administrative, criminal, or military law.