- the body of codified law developed from Roman law and still in force in many European and American nations
- the body of law that an individual nation or state has established for itself
- the body of law having to do with the private rights of individuals
The definition of civil law means the code of laws developed from the Romans and used today in Europe and the United States or any body of law in a nation or state, particularly having to do with individual rights.
An example of a civil law is one allowing everyone the freedom to own property.
- a. The body of law of a state or nation governing the behavior of individuals and corporations.b. The law determining private rights and liabilities, as opposed to criminal law and other public law.
- The law of ancient Rome as embodied in the Justinian code, especially that which applied to private citizens.
- A system of law having its origin in Roman law, as opposed to common law or canon law.
(plural civil laws)
- (law) Roman law based on the Corpus Juris Civilis; it contrasts with common law.
- (law) The body of law dealing with the private relations between members of a community; it contrasts with criminal law, military law and ecclesiastical law.
- attributive form of civil law
- civil-law country
civil law - Legal Definition
- A legal system derived from Roman law and based on fixed rules and statutes rather than on a court’s interpretation of broad principles. Prominent in continental Europe, Latin America, Scotland, Quebec, and Louisiana. See also common law and natural law.
- The law pertaining to civil or private rights and duties rather than to matters arising under administrative, criminal, or military law.