transitive verbgeld′ed or gelt, geld′ing
- to castrate (esp. a horse)
- to deprive of anything essential; weaken
Origin of geldMiddle English gelden from Old Norse gelda, to castrate from geldr, barren from Indo-European base an unverified form ?hel-, to cut from source Old Welsh gylym, knife, Old Norse gylta, sow, Gothic giltha, scythe
Origin of geldMedieval Latin (Domesday Book) geldum from Old English gield, payment (akin to German geld, money): for Indo-European base see yield
transitive verbgeld·ed, geld·ing, gelds
- To castrate (a horse, for example).
- To deprive of strength or vigor; weaken.
Origin of geldMiddle English gelden from Old Norse gelda
Origin of geldMiddle English geld Medieval Latin geldum both from Old English geld, gield payment
From Middle English geld and Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, ġield (“payment, tribute”), from Proto-Germanic *geldą (“reward, gift, money”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (“to pay”). Cognate with North Frisian jild (“money”), Saterland Frisian Jäild (“money”), Dutch geld (“money”), German Geld (“money”), Old Norse gjald (“payment”), Gothic (gild). Also related to English yield. Geld is also written gelt or gild, and as such found in wergild, Danegeld, etc. Probably reinforced by gelt (which see).
(third-person singular simple present gelds, present participle gelding, simple past and past participle gelded or gelt)
From Old Norse gelda (“geld, castrate”), from geldr (“yielding no milk, dry”), cognate with Old High German galt . Cognate with Gothic (gilþa, “sickle”) . Compare the archaic German Gelze, “castrated swine” and gelzen (“castrate”), Danish galt (“boar”) (from Old Norse gǫltr (“boar, hog”), cognate with English gilt) and gilde (“to geld”). "gelding" derives from Old Norse geldingr.